English – Early Stage 1 – units
Twenty sample units for Early Stage 1 will be available for download, released in a phased manner across 2022 and 2023.
Syllabus outcomes and content descriptors from English K-10 Syllabus © NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA) for and on behalf of the Crown in right of the State of New South Wales, 2021.
These units are cumulative and are designed to be taught in numerical order.
A suggested term-by-term approach, aligned with the department’s scope and sequence is outlined below, including the mentor textual concept(s) and unit description.
Unit 1 – Context
Students engage with texts related to starting school and learn from their own and others’ experiences.
Unit 2 – Narrative
Students learn about narrative story structure by exploring character journeys.
Unit 3 – Character
Students engage with a range of texts to compare characters, their features and actions. Students share their feelings towards characters and identify characteristics that they also see in themselves.
Unit 4 – Imagery, symbol and connotation
Students read and create texts using word play devices such as rhyme, onomatopoeia and alliteration. They explore the importance of illustrations in texts for a range of purposes and audiences.
Unit 5 – Perspective and argument
Students revisit concepts explored throughout the term, including the beginning, middle and end of narratives, and identifying the main character in texts. Students will play with words and consider simple descriptions to express their preferences for texts and characters.
Unit 6 – Context
Students explore text diversity and are provided with opportunities to read texts designed for different audiences and purposes.
Unit 7 – Narrative
Students learn how narratives, including characters and their experiences, can be real and imagined. They build on previous learning about narrative structure and retell familiar stories to develop their understanding.
Unit 8 – Character
Students explore how characters can be represented by how they look, what they say and do, and their thoughts. They will engage with texts that have a central character and identify language that describes them, then compose literary descriptions of characters from familiar texts.
Unit 9– Imagery, symbol and connotation
Through a study of wordless picture books, students learn how visual features enhance meaning and enjoyment in texts. They will consider how authors convey meaning through illustrations, exploring use of colour and layout.
Unit 10 – Perspective
Students will deepen their understanding of perspective by expressing preferences of familiar texts. They will view familiar texts through a critical lens, focusing on specific features such as illustrations, structure and language.
Unit 11 – Context
Students will engage with imaginative and informative texts and consider purpose and audiences. They will explore the language and structural features of texts that inform and entertain.
Unit 12 – Narrative
Students will build on their understanding of narrative structures and features. They will consider how narratives can be presented through different modes and media and explore intertextuality through a study of quality literature and fairy tales. Students will innovate from mentor and supporting texts to compose narratives with key language and structural features.
Unit 13 – Character
Students will deepen their understanding of character, using background knowledge to consider why a character may act a certain way. They will explore how visual cues and illustrations contribute to meaning and enhance audience understanding of character.
Unit 14– Imagery, symbol and connotation
Students will engage with texts with creative language features including onomatopoeia, alliteration and rhyme. They will explore how visual features interact with and support creative language to enhance meaning. Students will innovate from mentor and supporting texts to compose a poem.
Unit 15 – Perspective
Students will explore perspective as an understanding of how people see the world and engage with texts that present a shift in perspective. They reflect on their own perspective by considering personal likes and dislikes.
Unit 16 – Context
Students will consider how personal context can influence their experiences of the world. They will consider how context can inform a character’s motivations and feelings. Students will create a range of descriptive texts that represent their own context, culture, settings, motivations and feelings.
Unit 17 – Narrative
Students will build on their understanding of narratives. They will engage with print and audio narratives and consider how they can be real or imagined. Students will apply their understanding of narrative features and structures to compose their own texts.
Unit 18 – Character
Students will consider characters actions, thoughts and feelings and explore how these can be represented through intentional language choices. They will innovate from mentor and supporting texts to compose literary descriptions of real or imagined characters.
Unit 19 – Imagery, symbol and connotation
Students will explore how word order and word choice influence meaning and support creative play with language. They will consider how creative language features enhance enjoyment of texts.
Unit 20 – Perspective
Students will compare opinions and ideas presented in mentor and supporting texts. They will consider their own strengths and the strengths of their peers. Students will compose texts that present their own perspective about themselves and their world