English K–6 scope and sequences

Sample scope and sequences to support implementation of the K–6 outcomes and content from the English K–10 syllabus.


The English K–10 Syllabus provides a unique opportunity for a new approach to designing scope and sequences. It encourages a more flexible approach to planning for teaching and learning.

Sample scope and sequences for English K–6:

  • include content points that are organised under the relevant focus areas, outcome codes and outcome statements
  • demonstrate continuity of learning
  • consider how parallel syllabus content is connected to content from other focus areas
  • are flexible and fluid – can be adapted to reflect needs, interests and abilities of all students
  • address all outcomes for each stage of learning
  • leverage ‘new’ structural elements from the syllabus: focus areas and content groups
  • meet requirements for compliance
  • save teachers time by providing a strong foundation for whole-school and stage-based curriculum planning.

These samples represent ‘one way’ of sequencing learning to meet syllabus requirements​. Schools are strongly encouraged to make changes to meet the learning needs of all students.

Sample grapheme-phoneme correspondences (GPC) instructional sequence

Access the supporting grapheme-phoneme correspondences (GPC) instructional sequence (PDF 860KB) that complements the scope and sequences.

Research base

The evidence base for these resources is:

Alignment to system priorities and/or needs

These resources clearly and explicitly align to:

Alignment to School Excellence Framework

These resources support the School Excellence Framework by incorporating the following domains and themes.

Learning domain
  • Curriculum: Curriculum provision, Teaching and learning programs

  • Assessment: Whole school monitoring of student learning

  • Student performance measures: NAPLAN

Teaching domain
  • Effective classroom practice: Lesson planning, Explicit teaching

  • Learning and development: Collaborative practice and feedback; Expertise and innovation

Leading domain
  • Educational leadership: Instructional leadership


Email questions, comments and feedback about these resources to englishk6@det.nsw.edu.au.


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