Stage 3 – second year English units

These sample units are designed for later concept development of Stage 3 outcomes, regardless of students’ year level. NSW students in Years 5 and 6 may work towards Stage 3 outcomes from the English K–10 (Years 3–6) Syllabus.

Teachers should exercise professional judgement in determining the suitability of teaching and learning experiences in meeting the needs of their students. These units are cumulative and are designed to be taught in numerical order.

A suggested term-by-term approach, aligned with the department’s scope and sequence is outlined below, including the mentor textual concept(s) and unit description.


Syllabus outcomes and content descriptors from English K–10 Syllabus © NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA) for and on behalf of the Crown in right of the State of New South Wales, 2023.

Unit 9 – Narrative

Students will learn how an author creates engaging characters through a narrative. They will identify common narrative conventions and patterns and recognise when these patterns are subverted. Students will make connections to a text through their own personal and common lived experiences.

Stage 3 Second year – Unit 9 – Narrative (DOCX 1.2 MB)

Unit 10 – Genre

Students will explore how a significant historical event can be portrayed through different genres. Students will engage with various texts that describe the Wave Hill Walk-Off under the leadership of Vincent Lingiari, and consider the context and perspective of each of the authors in creating their text. Students will draw on this knowledge to create their own hybrid text about a significant Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander person.

Stage 3 Second Year – Unit 10 – Genre (DOCX 1.2 MB)

Unit 11 – Characterisation

Students will gain a deeper understanding of the textual concepts of characterisation and narrative. They will explore the development of characters as depicted through their appearance, words, thoughts and actions. Students will explore the models of behaviour presented and how the relationship between characters enhances a reader’s engagement with the text. They will create imaginative and informative texts, drawing on their knowledge of characterisation as well as historical knowledge gained.

Stage 3 Second year – Unit 11 Characterisation (DOCX 5.47 MB)

Unit 12 – Imagery, symbol and connotation

Students will gain a deeper understanding of the textual concept of imagery, symbol and connotation and the supporting concept of genre. Students will discover that literature does not always follow the form and function of a single genre, and that symbols are used within both written texts and illustrations. Students will apply their knowledge of symbol, imagery and genre in the creation of a narrative picture book with poetic elements.

Stage 3 Second year – Unit 12 Imagery, symbol and connotation (DOCX 1.5 MB)

Unit 13 – Argument and authority

Students will gain a greater understanding of the textual concepts of ‘argument and authority’ and ‘perspective and context’. Through the study of digital articles, students will recognise the various authorial choices that can impact the authority of a text. They will analyse texts to establish reliability, validity, authority and perspective. Students will also plan, revise and publish factual news articles and manipulate language features to compose a fabricated news article.

Stage 3 Second year – Unit 13 (DOCX 4 MB)

Sample units will be released periodically throughout 2023 and 2024.

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