Stage 5 reading - Vocabulary in context

Learning intention

Students will explore and use precise vocabulary in a wide range of academic contexts. Students examine vocabulary elements such as morphology, and how nuance and connotation can impact meaning.

Syllabus outcome (2022)

  • EN5-RVL-01: uses a range of personal, creative and critical strategies to interpret complex texts
  • EN5-URA-01: analyses how meaning is created through the use and interpretation of increasingly complex language forms, features and structures

Syllabus outcome (2012)*

  • EN5-2A: effectively uses and critically assesses a wide range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing a wide range of texts in different media and technologies
  • EN5-3B: selects and uses language forms, features and structures of texts appropriate to a range of purposes, audiences and contexts, describing and explaining their effects on meaning

*Note: Visit Leading curriculum K-12 for more information on the syllabus implementation timeline.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: identifies language used to create tone or atmosphere (vocabulary); analyses language and visual features in texts using metalanguage (e.g. cohesion, interpretation, figurative) (vocabulary); applies knowledge of root words and word origins to understand the meaning of unfamiliar, discipline specific words (vocabulary); uses a range of context and grammatical cues to understand unfamiliar words (vocabulary)
  • UnT10: demonstrates an understanding of nuances and subtleties in words of similar meaning (e.g. frustrated, discouraged, baffled) (vocabulary)

  • UnT11: interprets complex, formal and impersonal language in academic texts (vocabulary); demonstrates self-reliance in exploration and application of word learning strategies (vocabulary)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.



Students identify base words, prefixes, suffixes and Greek and Latin roots using a structured word inquiry.

Synonyms and antonyms

Students explore synonyms and antonyms.


Students learn the subtle differences between closely-related words.

Word clines

Students place terms along an incline representing the subtle differences between words.


Students investigate how connotation may impact meaning and affect the reader.

Using the clues

Students design use context clues to determine the meaning of unknown words.

Vocabulary in context

Students determine correct word choice, justify their choice and offer a substitution to maintain meaning.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
Return to top of page Back to top