Stage 5 reading - Author bias and perspective

Learning intention

Students will have opportunities to analyse author perspective and bias and how these are constructed in texts.

Syllabus outcome (2022)

  • EN5-RVL-01: uses a range of personal, creative and critical strategies to interpret complex texts
  • EN5-URB-01: evaluates how texts represent ideas and experiences, and how they can affirm or challenge values and attitudes

Syllabus outcome (2012)*

  • EN5-2A: effectively uses and critically assesses a wide range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing a wide range of texts in different media and technologies
  • EN5-5C: thinks imaginatively, creatively, interpretively and critically about information and increasingly complex ideas and arguments to respond to and compose texts in a range of contexts
  • EN5-6C: investigates the relationships between and among texts

*Note: Visit Leading curriculum K-12 for more information on the syllabus implementation timeline.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: identifies different interpretations of the text citing evidence from a text (comprehension); identifies language used to create tone or atmosphere (vocabulary); analyses language and visual features in texts using metalanguage (e.g. cohesion, interpretation, figurative) (vocabulary)

  • UnT10: analyses the author’s perspectives in complex or some highly complex texts (comprehension); analyses the techniques authors use to position readers (comprehension); recognises when ideas or evidence have been omitted from a text to position the reader (comprehension)

  • UnT11: analyses the cumulative impact of use of language features and vocabulary across texts (comprehension); explains assumptions, beliefs and implicit values in texts (e.g. economic growth is always desirable)(comprehension); evaluates the social, moral and ethical positions taken in texts (comprehension)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Purpose and audience analysis

Students compose a pitch to sell a product to specific audience profiles.


Students analyse text excerpts for tone.


Students focus on stylistic features that are unique to an author’s voice.


Students explore how moods can be represented in texts.


Students identify and use evidence from texts to determine theme.

Identifying bias

Students identify bias in texts.


Students investigate assumptions that cartoonists make about their readers.

Author perspective

Students determine author perspective by recognising tone, mood, theme, bias and assumptions.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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