Stage 5 reading - Main idea and theme
Students learn to identify the main idea and theme in a range of texts.
- EN5-2A: effectively uses and critically assesses a wide range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing a wide range of texts in different media and technologies
- EN5-3B: selects and uses language forms, features and structures of texts appropriate to a range of purposes, audiences and contexts, describing and explaining their effects on meaning
- EN5-4B: effectively transfers knowledge, skills and understanding of language concepts into new and different contexts.
National Literacy Learning Progression
- UnT9:identifies the main themes or concepts in moderately complex texts (comprehension); summarises the text identifying key details (comprehension); selects reading/viewing pathways appropriate to reading purpose (scans text for key phrase or close reading for learning) (process)
- UnT10: synthesises information from a variety of complex texts (comprehension); reads and views moderately complex or some sophisticated texts - see text complexity) (comprehension)
- UnT11: derive a generalisation from abstract ideas in texts (comprehension)
- identifies relevant and irrelevant information in texts (process)
NAPLAN item descriptors
The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.
Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.
Task 1: Finding the main idea
Students apply the ‘Gather, Identify, Summarise, Top and tail’ (GIST) process to identify the main idea in a range of informative, persuasive and imaginative texts (four activities).
Task 2: Theme
Students explore theme in texts and how theme may complement the main idea of the text (two activities).
Task 3: Compare and contrast theme and main idea
Students determine the main idea or argument and theme of various texts (two activities).