Stage 5 reading - Audience and purpose

Learning intention

Students will have opportunities to identify the purpose and audience of a range of texts.

Syllabus outcome (2022)

  • EN5-RVL-01: uses a range of personal, creative and critical strategies to interpret complex texts
  • EN5-URA-01: analyses how meaning is created through the use and interpretation of increasingly complex language forms, features and structures

Syllabus outcome (2012)*

  • EN5-2A: effectively uses and critically assesses a wide range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing a wide range of texts in different media and technologies

*Note: Visit Leading curriculum K-12 for more information on the syllabus implementation timeline.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: justifies an opinion or response by citing evidence from a text (comprehension); evaluates text for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); analyses how language in texts serves different purposes (identifies how descriptive language is used differently in informative and persuasive texts) (process)
  • UnT10: explains how context (time, place, situation) influences interpretations of a text (comprehension); analyses the techniques authors use to position readers (comprehension); applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the structure, purpose or content of a text (process)
  • UnT11; derive a generalisation from abstract ideas in texts (comprehension); analyses how authors manipulate language features, image and sound for a purpose - to create humour or playfulness (comprehension)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

To inform, entertain or persuade?

Students identify the audience and purpose in a range of texts.

Analysing texts

Students analyse texts for purpose and transform them for a new audience and purpose.

Character capers

Students develop a deep understanding of textual features and how an author’s choice of language and language features contributes to the meaning, purpose and audience of a narrative. 


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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