Stage 5 reading - Inference
Students will learn to use background information and clues in the text to make inferences.
- EN5-2A: effectively uses and critically assesses a wide range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing a wide range of texts in different media and technologies
National Literacy Learning Progression
UnT9: draws inferences, synthesising clues and evidence across a text (comprehension); uses processes such as predicting, confirming predictions, monitoring, and connecting relevant elements of the text to build or repair meaning (process)
UnT10: interprets abstract concepts integrating complex ideas (comprehension); draws inferences using evidence from the text and discounting possible inferences that are not supported by the text (comprehension); integrates automatically a range of processes such as predicting, confirming predictions, monitoring, and connecting relevant elements of the text to build meaning (process)
UnT11: interprets symbolism in texts, providing evidence to justify interpretation (comprehension); strategically adjusts the processes of reading and viewing to build meaning according to the demands of tasks and texts (process)
NAPLAN item descriptors
The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.
Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.
What is inference?
Students use clues and background knowledge to learn about inference.
Using an image to infer
Students use clues in the image, such as objects and their features, to infer.
Students implement strategies to answer inferential questions.
Making inferences from text
Students analyse texts with a series of questions to help to determine an inference.
Interpreting meaning in an imaginative text
Students analyse language and structural elements within a text in order to understand how the author infers meaning.