Stage 5 reading - Evaluating sources

Learning intention

Students will learn to identify and evaluate the accuracy and validity of a statement in a range of texts. Students will explore credibility and validity of sources.

Syllabus outcome (2022)

  • EN5-RVL-01: uses a range of personal, creative and critical strategies to interpret complex texts
  • EN5-URB-01: evaluates how texts represent ideas and experiences, and how they can affirm or challenge values and attitudes

Syllabus outcome (2012)

  • EN5-2A: effectively uses and critically assesses a wide range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing a wide range of texts in different media and technologies
  • EN5-8D: questions, challenges and evaluates cultural assumptions in texts and their effects on meaning.

*Note: Visit Leading curriculum K-12 for more information on the syllabus implementation timeline.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: reads and views complex texts (see Text complexity) (comprehension); evaluates text features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); analyses the use of language appropriate to different types of texts (e.g. compare the use of pun in imaginative and persuasive texts (comprehension)

  • UnT10: applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the language structures and features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); evaluates the reasoning and evidence in a persuasive text (comprehension); recognises when ideas or evidence have been omitted from a text to position the reader (comprehension)

  • UnT11: analyses the credibility and validity of primary and secondary sources (comprehension); judiciously selects and synthesises evidence from multiple texts to support ideas and argument (comprehension); evaluates the social, moral and ethical positions taken in texts (comprehension); identifies subtle contradictions and inconsistencies in texts (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

What is fact and what is opinion?

Students evaluate what is fact and what is opinion in various texts.

Conspiracy theories – Fact or fiction

Students investigate different perspectives and evaluate sources.

Arguing your case

Students present a case for a controversial topic using a reliable corroborating source.

Bias and bias by omission

Students identify how author’s use language and vocabulary to create bias and bias by omission.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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