Stage 5 reading - Compare and contrast

Learning focus

Students learn the difference between comparing and contrasting texts as well as applying these understandings in text analysis.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN5-2A: effectively uses and critically assesses a wide range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing a wide range of texts in different media and technologies
  • EN5-8D: questions, challenges and evaluates cultural assumptions in texts and their effects on meaning.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: compares and contrasts the use of visual elements in multimodal texts with similar purposes (comprehension); classifies ideas or information for a set task or purpose (comprehension); distils information from a number of sources according to task and purpose (uses graphic organisers) (process)
  • UnT10: synthesises information from a variety of complex texts (comprehension); applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the structure, purpose or content of a text (process)
  • UnT11: identifies contradictions and inconsistencies in text (process); identifies relevant and irrelevant information in texts (process)
  • NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task 1: Comparing images

Students identify the similarities and differences between pictures (one activity).

Task 2: Categorising information from an informative text

Students investigate various ways to categorise information in informative texts (two activities).

Task 3: Comparing and contrasting content

Students compare texts with similar topics and cross-examine to ensure valid information (three activities).

Task 4: Comparing and contrasting language features and structure

Students compare and contrast structural elements and language features in texts (three activities).

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