Stage 5 reading - Compare and contrast

Learning intention

Students will learn the difference between comparing and contrasting texts as well as applying these understandings in text analysis and creation.

Syllabus outcome (2022)

  • EN5-RVL-01: uses a range of personal, creative and critical strategies to interpret complex texts
  • EN5-URB-01: evaluates how texts represent ideas and experiences, and how they can affirm or challenge values and attitudes

Syllabus outcome (2012)*

  • EN5-2A: effectively uses and critically assesses a wide range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing a wide range of texts in different media and technologies
  • EN6-6C: investigates the relationships between and among texts 
  • EN5-8D: questions, challenges and evaluates cultural assumptions in texts and their effects on meaning

*Note: Visit Leading curriculum K-12 for more information on the syllabus implementation timeline.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: distils information from a number of texts according to task and purpose (e.g. uses graphic organisers) (comprehension); analyses texts which have more than one purpose and explain how parts of the text support a particular purpose (comprehension); analyses the use of language appropriate to different types of texts (e.g. compare the use of pun in imaginative and persuasive texts)(comprehension); selects reading/viewing strategies appropriate to reading purpose (e.g. scans text for evidence) (process)

  • UnT10: analyses how text features are used to support of conflate the point of view in a text (e.g. strategic use of images such as a cartoon in an editorial) (comprehension); applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the language structures, and features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); explains how context (e.g. time, place, situation) influences interpretations of a text (comprehension)
  • UnT11: analyses the cumulative impact of use of language features and vocabulary across texts (comprehension); identifies subtle contradictions and inconsistencies in text (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Comparing images

Students identify the similarities and differences between pictures.

Categorising information from an informative text

Students investigate various ways to categorise information in informative texts.

Comparing and contrasting content

Students compare texts with similar topics and cross-examine to ensure valid information.

Comparing and contrasting language features and structure

Students compare and contrast structural elements and language features in texts.

Evaluating comparing and contrasting

Students compare, contrast and analyse a range of texts on the same topic.


  • Teaching and learning

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  • Educational Standards
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