Stage 4 reading - Sequencing

Learning intention

Students will learn to sequence events in a range of texts. By the end of the activity students will connect contextual clues and grammatical elements to order ideas and events in imaginative and informative multimodal texts.

Syllabus outcome (2022)

  • EN4-RVL-01: uses a range of personal, creative and critical strategies to read texts that are complex in their ideas and construction
  • EN4-URA-01: analyses how meaning is created through the use and response to language forms, features and structures

Syllabus outcome (2012)*

  • EN4-1A: responds to and composes texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure
  • EN4-2A: effectively uses a widening range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing texts in different media and technologies.

*Note: Visit the Leading curriculum K-12 website for more information on the syllabus implementation timeline.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: identifies the main themes or concepts in complex texts by synthesising key ideas or information (comprehension); summarises the text identifying key details only (comprehension); selects reading/viewing strategies appropriate to reading purpose (e.g. scans text for evidence) (process); analyses language and visual features in texts using metalanguage (e.g. cohesion, interpretation, figurative) (vocabulary)

  • UnT10: reads and views complex or some highly complex texts (see Text complexity) (comprehension); applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the language structures and features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension)

  • UnT11: judiciously selects and synthesises evidence from multiple texts to support ideas and arguments (comprehension); analyses the cumulative impact of use of language features and vocabulary across texts (comprehension); strategically adjusts the processes of reading and viewing to build meaning according to the demands of tasks and texts (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Using vocabulary to sequence

Students use temporal and causal connectives and conjunctions to sequence events.

Sequencing events

Students use temporal and causal connectives and conjunctions to verbally recount the events in advertisements.

Sequencing informative texts

Students highlight words in a text showing the order in which the events took place. Using these events, students write a sequence of sentences that use temporal and causal connectives and conjunctions.


  • Teaching and learning

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  • Educational Standards
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