Stage 4 reading - Literary devices

Learning focus

Students interpret and analyse a range of literary devices, including metaphor and figurative language, in varying texts.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN4-1A: responds to and composes texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure
  • EN4-2A: effectively uses a widening range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing texts in different media and technologies
  • EN4-3B: uses and describes language forms, features and structures of texts appropriate to a range of purposes, audiences and contexts

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: identifies how authors create a sense of playfulness (pun, alliteration) (comprehension); analyses how language in texts serves different purposes (identifies how descriptive language is used differently in informative and persuasive texts) - see grammar (process); identifies language used to create tone or atmosphere (vocabulary)
  • UnT10: evaluates the effectiveness of language forms and features used in moderately complex or some sophisticated texts - see text complexity (comprehension)
  • UnT11: evaluates the use of devices such as analogy, irony and satire (comprehension); analyses how authors manipulate language features, image and sound for a purpose (to create humour or playfulness) (comprehension); interprets symbolism in texts, providing evidence to justify interpretation (comprehension); interprets and analyses complex figurative language (euphemisms, hyperbole) (vocabulary)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task 1: Identifying and define figurative language

Students identify and define language devices used in a range of texts (five activities).

Task 2: Identifying figurative language in text

Students predict language, identify devices and analyse their effect (four activities).

Task 3: Interpret and analyse literary devices in poetry

Students read a poem, highlighting any literary devices evident in text. Students annotate on the poem what they can infer from the devices (three activities).

Task 4: Analyse irony and satire in images

Students analyse cartoons and images for both satirical and ironic elements (three activities).

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