Stage 4 reading - Text structure

Learning focus

Students learn to identify and analyse specific structural features within different types of text.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN4-1A: responds to and composes texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure
  • EN4-3B: uses and describes language forms, features and structures of texts appropriate to a range of purposes, audiences and contexts

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: compares and contrasts the use of visual elements in multimodal texts with similar purpose (comprehension); justifies an opinion or response by citing evidence from a text (comprehension); uses knowledge of a broader range of cohesive devices to track meaning (paragraph markers, topic sentences) - see 'grammar' (process)
  • UnT10: evaluates the effectiveness of language forms and features used in moderately complex or some sophisticated texts (comprehension); applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the structure, purpose or content of a text (process)
  • UnT11: critically evaluates the use of visual elements in multimodal texts on the same topic or with similar purposes (comprehension); navigates digital texts to efficiently locate precise information that supports the development of new understandings (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task 1: Structural features of imaginative texts

Students identify structural elements of imaginative texts and clues indicating the purpose of a text (four activities).

Task 2: Structural features of informative texts

Students identify structural elements in nonfiction texts (five activities).

Task 3: Structural features of persuasive texts

Students identify structural clues, signal words and persuasive devices in persuasive texts (six activities).

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