Stage 4 reading - Text structure

Learning intention

Students will learn to identify and analyse specific structural features within different types of text.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN4-1A: responds to and composes texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure
  • EN4-3B: uses and describes language forms, features and structures of texts appropriate to a range of purposes, audiences and contexts

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: reads and views complex texts (see Text complexity) (comprehension); evaluates text features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); uses knowledge of a broader range of cohesive devices to track meaning (e.g. word associations) (see Grammar) (process); selects reading/viewing strategies appropriate to reading purpose (e.g. scans text for evidence) (process)

  • UnT10: applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the language structures and features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); integrates automatically a range of processes such as predicting, confirming predictions, monitoring, and connecting relevant elements of the text to build meaning (process)
  • UnT11: strategically adjusts the processes of reading and viewing to build meaning according to the demands of tasks and texts (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Structural features of imaginative texts

Students identify structural elements of imaginative texts and clues indicating the purpose of a text.

Analysing language and structure in an imaginative text

Students identify and discuss significant structural features in an imaginative text, explaining how each feature impacts on understanding.

Structural features of informative texts

Students identify structural elements in nonfiction text.

Structural features of persuasive texts

Students identify structural clues, signal words and persuasive devices in persuasive texts.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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