Stage 4 reading - Author perspective and bias

Learning intention

Students will learn to identify author perspective in texts. Students will learn to find evidence in the text to understand author perspective.

Syllabus outcome (2022)

  • EN4-RVL-01: uses a range of personal, creative and critical strategies to read texts that are complex in their ideas and construction
  • EN4-URA-01: analyses how meaning is created through the use of and response to language forms, features and structures
  • EN4-URB-01: examines and explains how texts represent ideas, experiences and values

Syllabus outcome (2012)*

  • EN4-2A: effectively uses a widening range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing texts in different media and technologies

*Note: Visit the Leading curriculum K-12 website for more information on the syllabus implementation timeline.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: identifies the main themes or concepts in complex texts by synthesising key ideas or information (comprehension); evaluates text features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); analyses texts which have more than one purpose and explains how parts of the text support a particular purpose (comprehension); identifies different interpretations of the text citing evidence from a text (comprehension); uses processes such as predicting, confirming predictions, monitoring, and connecting relevant elements of the text to build or repair meaning (process); identifies language used to create tone or atmosphere (vocabulary)
  • UnT10: applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the language structures and features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); evaluates the reasoning and evidence in a persuasive text (comprehension); analyses the author’s perspectives in complex or some highly complex texts (comprehension); integrates automatically a range of processes such as predicting, confirming predictions, monitoring, and connecting relevant elements of the text to build meaning (process)
  • UnT11: analyses the credibility and validity of primary and secondary sources (comprehension); identifies subtle contradictions and inconsistencies in texts (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Identifying author perspective

Students are introduced to factors contributing to author perspective, including tone, mood, theme and assumptions about the audience.

Author purpose and audience

Students determine the purpose of a range of texts by looking at key features, including text structure, vocabulary and text layout elements. Students investigate the idea of audience assumption in more detail.

Selling to audiences

Students design a product advertisement, focusing on vocabulary, sentence complexity and the selling ‘pitch’ that will best appeal to their audience.


Students use a range of texts to find evidence to indicate the tone of an author.

Identifying tone in text

Students composes short descriptions of an event to convey a particular tone. Students then identify tone in novel texts, how the tone changes throughout the text and discuss how authors controlling tone to support them to convey their message.


Students create texts for an assigned tone and mood.


Students develop a list of topics that are explored in a nominated text and write a responsive sentence about what the author thinks about the topic. Students read or view a range of short texts and identify the tone, mood and central theme.


Students explore personal bias and the importance of acknowledging bias in texts. Students read a range of news articles and predict which ideas might be included and excluded in the text based on the headline. Students also review statistics and information in the article to identify the author’s perspective.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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