Stage 4 reading - Audience and purpose

Learning intention

Students will have opportunities to identify the purpose and audience of a range of texts.

Syllabus outcome (2022)

  • EN4-RVL-01: uses a range of personal, creative and critical strategies to read texts that are complex in their ideas and construction
  • EN4-URA-01: analyses how meaning is created through the use of and response to language forms, features and structures
  • EN4-URB-01: examines and explains how texts represent ideas, experiences and values

Syllabus outcome (2012)*

  • EN4-1A: responds to and composes texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure
  • EN4-2A: effectively uses a widening range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing texts in different media and technologies
  • EN4-3B: uses and describes language forms, features and structure of texts appropriate to a range of purposes, audiences and contexts

*Note: Visit the Leading curriculum K-12 website for more information on the syllabus implementation timeline.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: evaluates text features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); analyses texts which have more than one purpose and explain how parts of the text support a particular purpose (comprehension); analyses language and visual features in texts using metalanguage (e.g. cohesion, interpretation, figurative) (vocabulary); distils information from a number of texts according to task and purpose (e.g. uses graphic organisers) (process)
  • UnT10: reads and views moderately complex or some highly complex texts (see Text complexity) (comprehension); applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the language structures and features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); analyses the techniques authors use to position readers (comprehension)
  • UnT11: interprets symbolism in texts, providing evidence to justify interpretation (comprehension); analyses the cumulative impact of use of language features and vocabulary across texts (comprehension)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Know your audience

Students identify audience characteristics illustrators are appealing to in different book covers.

Purpose and audience

Students determine the author’s purpose in a range of texts - inform, persuade or entertain.

Text analysis

Students look at context vocabulary and subject matter in a range of texts and determine the purpose and audience of each text.

Entertain, persuade and inform in action

Students use a quadrant analysis to determine the purpose in sections of text and investigate discrepancies between the purpose and audience.

Paragraph detectives

Students review features of an information text and ‘detect’ missing paragraphs.

The measurement mission

Students learn how to use statistical displays as a substitution for written text.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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