Stage 4 reading - Audience and purpose

Learning focus

Students have opportunities to identify the purpose and audience of a range of texts.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN4-1A: responds to and composes texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure

  • EN4-2A: effectively uses a widening range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing texts in different media and technologies

  • EN4-3B: uses and describes language forms, features and structure of texts appropriate to a range of purposes, audiences and contexts

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: evaluates text for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); classifies ideas or information for a set teaks or purpose (comprehension); analyses how language in texts serves different purpose (process)
  • UnT10: reads and views moderately complex or some sophisticated texts (see Text complexity) (comprehension); evaluates the effectiveness of language forms and features used in moderately complex or some sophisticated texts (comprehension); applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the structure, purpose or content of a text (comprehension)
  • UnT11: reads and view sophisticated texts - see text complexity (comprehension); evaluates the style of a text (comprehension); analyses how authors manipulate language features, image and sound for a purpose (to create humour or playfulness) (process); identifies relevant and irrelevant information in texts (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task 1: Know your audience

Students identify audience characteristics illustrators are appealing to in different book covers (two activities).

Task 2: Purpose and audience

Students determine the author’s purpose in a range of texts - inform, persuade or entertain (three activities).

Task 3: Text analysis

Students look at context vocabulary and subject matter in a range of texts and determine the purpose and audience of each text (seven activities).

Task 4: Entertain, persuade and inform in action

Students use a quadrant analysis to determine the purpose in sections of text and investigate discrepancies between the purpose and audience (two activities).

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