Stage 4 reading - Literal comprehension

Learning focus

Students locate and interpret directly stated information and use skimming and scanning strategies to identify key words.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN4-1A: responds to and composes texts for understanding, interpretation, critical analysis, imaginative expression and pleasure
  • EN4-2A: effectively uses a widening range of processes, skills, strategies and knowledge for responding to and composing texts in different media and technologies
  • EN4-2B: uses and describes language forms, features and structures of texts appropriate to a range of purposes, audiences and contexts.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT9: selects reading/viewing pathways appropriate to reading purpose (scans text for key phrases or close reading for learning) (process); justifies an opinion or response by citing evidence from a text; classifies ideas or information for a set tasks or purpose.
  • UnT10: reads and views moderately complex or some sophisticated texts - see text complexity (comprehension); synthesises information from a variety of complex texts (comprehension); integrates automatically a range of processes such as predicting, confirming predictions, monitoring, and connecting relevant elements of the text to build meaning.
  • UnT11: reads and view sophisticated texts (see Text complexity) (comprehension); identifies relevant and irrelevant information in texts (process).

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task 1: Skimming and scanning

Students learn to skim a text and identify the main idea and scan to answer specific questions (three activities).

Task 2: Summarising and linking main ideas

Students use their own coding system to identify key vocabulary, main idea and supporting ideas in a text and use this information to create a summary (two activities).

Task 3: Fact-question-response

Students annotate texts using a text analysis guide (two activities).

Task 4: Locating directly stated information

Students devise a set of literal comprehension questions using question stems for a range of fiction and non-fiction texts (two activities).

Task 5: Cloze

Students brainstorm vocabulary in response to a given word. Students add alternate words in a text while maintaining the original meaning (three activities).

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