Stage 3 reading - Literary devices

Learning intention

Students will learn to identify literary devices in texts and analyse their effect. Students will explore simile, alliteration, metaphor and personification.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN3-5B discusses how language is used to achieve a widening range of purposes for a widening range of audiences and contexts

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT8: reads and views some moderately complex texts - see text complexity (comprehension); poses and answers inferential questions (comprehension)
  • UnT9: identifies how authors create a sense of playfulness (pun, alliteration) (comprehension); identifies language used to create tone or atmosphere (vocabulary)
  • ·UnT10: evaluates the effectiveness of language forms and features used in moderately complex or some sophisticated texts (comprehension)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page..

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.


Students learn how to identify onomatopoeia and impacts tone and explore its impact in a text.

Analogy and simile

Students explore and create similes using information presented on various characters.


Students identify and create personification examples.


Students explore and analyse metaphors.


Students research the background to idioms to add context and build understanding.


Students learn how to identify imagery in texts and its impact on meaning.

Identifying literary devices

Students learn how simile, alliteration and assonance, metaphor, personification, metaphor and idiom add to the impact of a text.

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