Stage 3 reading - Understanding character

Learning intention

Students will learn to identify and understand how character feelings, points of view and motivation is developed in texts.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN3-RECOM-01 fluently reads and comprehends texts for wide purposes, analysing text structures and language, and by monitoring comprehension

  • EN3-UARL-01 analyses representations of ideas in literature through narrative, character, imagery, symbol and connotation, and adapts these representations when creating texts

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT8: reads and views some moderately complex texts - see Text complexity (comprehension); draws inferences and verifies using text evidence (comprehension); identifies and explains techniques used to present perspective (e.g. emotive or descriptive language, order in which ideas are presented) (process)

  • UnT9: draws inferences, synthesising clues and evidence across a text (comprehension); identifies different interpretations of the text citing evidence from a text (comprehension)

  • UnT10: draws inferences using evidence from the text and discounting possible inferences that are not supported by the text (comprehension); analyses the techniques authors use to position readers (comprehension)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Trait bank

Students categorise traits into visible or physical traits and emotional or behavioural traits using a 'bull's eye' graphic organiser.

Bull’s eye

Students identify physical and emotional traits in characters from a given text.

Matching actions and traits

Students infer traits based on a character’s actions (four activities).

DIAL into a character

Students use a ‘Description, Illustration, Actions and Language model (DIAL) to build a picture of the traits and actions of a character.

Inferring a character’s emotions in a narrative

Students infer character feelings from actions, using clues from the text and background knowledge to draw conclusions.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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