Stage 3 reading - Inference

Learning intention

Students will learn to use background information and clues in the text to make inferences.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN3-3A: uses an integrated range of skills, strategies and knowledge to read, view and comprehend a wide range of texts in different media and technologies
  • EN3-5B: discusses how language is used to achieve a widening range of purposes for a widening range of audiences and contexts.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT8: reads and views some moderately complex texts (see Text complexity) (comprehension); draws inferences and verifies using text evidence (comprehension)

  • UnT9: draws inferences, synthesising clues and evidence across a text (comprehension); identifies different interpretations of the text citing evidence from a text (comprehension); uses processes such as predicting, confirming prediction, monitoring and connecting relevant elements of the text to build or repair meaning (process); selects reading/viewing strategies appropriate to reading purpose (e.g. scans text for evidence) (process); identifies language used to create tone or atmosphere (vocabulary); interprets complex figurative language (e.g. euphemisms, hyperbole) (vocabulary)

  • UnT10: interprets abstract concepts integrating complex ideas (comprehension); draws inferences using evidence from the text and discounts possible inferences that are not supported by the text (comprehension); demonstrates an understanding of nuances and subtleties in words of similar meaning (e.g. frustrated, discouraged, baffled) (vocabulary)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

What is inference?

Students use clues and background knowledge to learn about inference .

Using pictures to infer

Students make predictions and connections using a range of images.

Inferring from text

Students connect evidence, background knowledge and text clues with an inference.

Show don’t tell

Students use evidence, background knowledge and text clues to infer character traits and key ideas in texts.

Actions and motivations

Students examine character actions and use text clues to infer motivations.

Inference in poetry

Students use various strategies to determine the overall message in poems.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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