Stage 3 reading - Compare and contrast

Learning intention

Students will learn the difference between comparing and contrasting texts as well as applying these understandings in text analysis.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN3-5B: discusses how language is used to achieve a widening range of purposes for a widening range of audiences and contexts
  • EN3-7C thinks imaginatively, creatively, interpretively and critically about information and ideas and identifies connections between texts when responding to and composing texts.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT8: evaluates the accuracy within and across texts on the same topic (comprehension); explains how textual features support the text’s purpose (comprehension); skims and scans texts for key words to track the development of ideas (process)

  • UnT9: summarises the text identifying key details only (comprehension); builds meaning by actively linking ideas from a number of texts or a range of digital sources (comprehension); distils information from a number of texts according to task and purpose (e.g. uses graphic organisers) (comprehension); selects reading/viewing strategies appropriate to reading purpose (e.g. scans text for evidence) (process)

  • UnT10: applies and articulates criteria to evaluate the language structures and features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); integrates automatically a range of processes such as predicting, confirming predictions, monitoring, and connecting relevant elements of the text to build meaning (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions and accompanying resources are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Contrasting texts

Students learn the importance of identifying audience, vocabulary, purpose, audience and potential bias of a text.

Comparing texts

Students use a range of techniques to learn to compare and contrast texts.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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