Learning at primary school

What your child will learn in schools and how to engage with their education.


Literacy involves speaking and listening, reading and writing. Engaging with your child in play-based literacy activities every day will support their development of early literacy skills.

Talk and interact with your child. Through talk, children learn about communicating with others. They also learn how to take turns, ask questions and develop a knowledge of words. These skills help children develop a strong foundation for reading and writing.

Activities to try with your child

Speaking and listening

Speaking and listening skills are important for children to socialise, make friends and to actively participate in school activities.

  • Make conversations fun. For example, make up funny or nonsense rhymes.

  • Use everyday words that are part of your child’s culture, experience and interests.

  • Have fun with the sound of letters. Make up silly sentences using words that start with the same sound, such as, “Sam sat on 6 socks.”


Read to and with your child daily. Encourage your child to explore books by themselves or with a family member. This will support your child to understand how books work and build a love of reading.

  • Read books with rhymes and riddles that your child enjoys.

  • Sing songs. Make up a song about an everyday activity such as getting dressed.

Drawing and writing

Encourage your child to draw or write about topics that interest them. This will help your child explore how messages can be communicated in different ways.

  • Ask your child to draw or write about things they like to do, make or play. Talk with your child about their drawing or writing.

  • Encourage them to create a card for a friend, or an invitation to a special event or celebration.


Each year, students are taught from syllabuses developed by the NSW Education Standards Authority to guide their learning. NSW syllabuses outline the needs for teaching and learning different topics at various stages of students’' education. Find out more about our curriculum.


Numeracy involves being able to understand how numbers work in everyday situations.

We see and use numbers daily. For example, we see page numbers in books, and when we buy something, we add and subtract numbers.

Activities to try with your child

Numbers and counting

Encourage talking and learning about numbers during daily activities.

  • Play board games that use dice and counting.

  • Find numbers or count objects when going on a walk or other daily activities.

  • Sing counting songs such as ‘Five little ducks’ or ‘Ten green bottles’.

Adding and subtracting

Support your child to develop a sense of adding and subtracting.

  • Add or subtract everyday items such as putting food in their lunch box or taking food out of their lunch box.

  • When shopping, talk about how many items need to be purchased. For example, “how many bananas do we need for everyone in the family?” “If I have one banana how many more do I need?”

Identifying and creating patterns

Have fun recognising, creating, identifying, copying and continuing patterns every day.

  • Play clapping games where you clap a pattern and your child repeats the pattern.

  • Create patterns with everyday items such as toys and pencils.

Always encourage your child and use activities and topics they are interested in. If you speak a language other than English, it is important that you support your child to use their home language when interacting.

Most importantly, have fun with your child and make use of opportunities in everyday activities. The early years are critical to developing a lifelong love of learning.

Did you know?

Your child will have access to Adobe, Microsoft and Google software with free, filtered internet, email and unlimited secure cloud storage in the classroom.


  • Teaching and learning


  • Primary school

Business Unit:

  • Communication and Engagement
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