Planning a lesson

Before teaching, deliberate lesson planning will ensure teaching and learning in the classroom is focused towards the achievement of long to medium term learning goals.

Image: Planning for the lesson by having a clear purpose and learning intention, and knowing the required equipment, supports a successful lesson.

Without a plan, instruction can become a random assortment of activities with little rhyme or reason. Designing an effective lesson involves making decisions about:

  • what the students will learn
  • how you will know that the learning has taken place
  • how you intend students to learn it.

Lesson design process

This 4 step process supports the decision-making process and helps to maintain a focus on learning:

  • Clarify the lesson purpose and identify the learning goal/intention for the lesson:
    • What do you want the students to learn?
    • Why does this learning matter?
  • Consider assessment:
    • How will you know the learning goal has been achieved?
    • What will the students do/produce?
  • Structure the lesson as a series of episodes:
    • How will the lesson flow to ensure the learning/goal intention is achieved?
  • Decide what will occur within each episode:
    • Which learning experiences and resources best support the achievement of the learning goal/intention?
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