Stage 2 reading - Connecting ideas in text

Learning focus

Students learn to identify devices that link information across and within texts.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN2-4A: uses an increasing range of skills, strategies and knowledge to fluently read, view and comprehend a range of texts on increasingly challenging topics in different media and technologies.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT6: makes connections within and between texts (between spoken and written texts that present similar information) (comprehension); identifies connectives that develop coherence between ideas or events (tracks pronoun referencing) (see Grammar) (process)
  • UnT7: monitors the development of ideas using language and visual features (topic sentences, key verbs, graphs) (comprehension); identifies simple language and text features that signal purpose (diagrams, dialogue) (comprehension)
  • UnT8: uses knowledge of cohesive devices to track meaning throughout a text (connectives such as however, on the other hand) (see Grammar) (comprehension)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task 1: Pronoun referencing

Students identify pronouns, nouns and proper nouns and investigate how they are used effectively (eight activities).

Task 2: Connecting ideas in informative texts

Students use the ‘Scan, Reread Check’ strategy and investigate ways to build or support reader understanding in texts (four activities).

Task 3: Linking key words in texts

Students identify key words and words with different and similar meaning then investigate connections and relationships between ideas (two activities).

Task 4: Identifying how images relate to words

Students use picture books to understand different relationships between images and language including: equivalent meaning; elaborated meaning; complementary meaning; and divergent meaning (two activities).

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