Stage 2 reading - Literal comprehension

Learning intention

Students will learn to use a range of texts to locate and interpret directly stated information. Students will use the strategy of scanning to quickly identify the main ideas in a text, and skimming to find key words to respond to literal comprehension tasks

Syllabus outcome

  • EN2-RECOM-01: reads and comprehends texts for wide purposes using knowledge of text structures and language, and by monitoring comprehension
  • EN2-UARL-01: identifies and describes how ideas are represented in literature and strategically uses similar representations when creating texts

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT6: reads and views simple texts and some predictable texts (see Text Complexity) (comprehension); scans texts to locate specific information in a predictable print text (comprehension); recounts or describes the most relevant details from a text (comprehension); identifies parts of a text used to answer literal and inferential questions (process)

  • UnT7: reads and views predictable texts (see Text complexity) (comprehension); locates information or details embedded in the text (comprehension); navigates text using common signposting devices such as headings, subheadings, paragraphs, navigation bars and links (process)

  • UnT8: reads and views some moderately complex texts (see Text complexity) (comprehension); uses knowledge of the features and convention of the type of text to build meaning (e.g. recognises that the beginning of a persuasive text may introduce the topic and the line of argument) (process); skims and scans texts for key words to identify the main idea (process)

  • UnT9: uses processes such as predicting, confirming predictions, monitoring, and connecting relevant elements of the text to build or repair meaning (process); selects reading/viewing strategies appropriate to reading purpose (e.g. scans text for evidence) (process) 

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Locating directly stated information in imaginative texts

Students are introduced to literal questions in texts.


Students practise skimming techniques to find the main idea in texts.


Students practise scanning techniques to find the main idea in texts.

Restructuring the text

Students restructure an interview text using clues and vocabulary knowledge to predict answers.

Locating directly stated information in texts

Students predict what they think a text might be about, using pictures and title to guide ideas


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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