Stage 2 reading - Text structure

Learning intention

Students will learn to identify specific structural and language features within types of text. Students will learn to identify genre in a range of imaginative, persuasive and informative texts.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN2-RECOM-01: reads and comprehends texts for wide purposes using knowledge of text structures and language, and by monitoring comprehension

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT6: identifies the purpose of predictable informative, imaginative and persuasive texts (e.g. uses verbs and dot points to identify a set of instructions) (comprehension)

  • UnT7: identifies the purpose of a broad range of informative, imaginative and persuasive texts (e.g. advertisements, diary entry) (comprehension); identifies language and text features that signal purpose in a predictable text (e.g. diagrams, dialogue) (process); describes the language and visual features of texts using metalanguage (e.g. grammatical terms such as cohesion, tense, noun groups) (vocabulary)
  • UnT8: explains how authors use evidence and supporting detail to build and verify ideas (comprehension); uses knowledge of the features and conventions of the type of text to build meaning (e.g. recognises that the beginning of a persuasive text may introduce the topic and the line of argument) (process); identifies language features used to present opinions or points of view (process)
  • UnT9: evaluates text features for relevance to purpose and audience (comprehension); uses knowledge of a broader range of cohesive devices to track meaning (e.g. word associations) (see Grammar) (process); identifies language used to create tone or atmosphere (vocabulary); analyses language and visual features in texts using metalanguage (e.g. cohesion, interpretation, figurative) (vocabulary)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the PDF resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions and accompanying resources are available for download in PDF format the download box on this page.

Identifying genre

Students use book covers and blurbs from a collection of books and categorise them into ‘fiction’ or ‘non-fiction’.

Features of narrative texts

Students identify the features of narrative texts (four activities).

Features of informative texts

Students identify the features of informative texts.

Features of persuasive texts

Students explore modal language.

Developing an understanding of persuasive texts

Students explore persuasive language techniques.

Which type of text am I?

Students identify different types of text and their effectiveness.

Pronouns in persuasive texts

Students identify pronouns in texts and learn how authors use them to persuade.

Fact and opinion in persuasive texts

Students learn how authors use both facts and opinions to persuade.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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