Stage 2 reading - Inference

Learning focus

Students use information in spoken, visual and written texts to infer meaning. Students will use background knowledge, predictions, clues in the text and understanding of character and purpose to make inferences

Syllabus outcome

  • EN2-4A: uses an increasing range of skills, strategies and knowledge to fluently read, view and comprehend a range of texts on increasingly challenging topics in different media and technologies
  • EN2-8B: identifies and compares different kinds of texts when reading and viewing and shows an understanding of purpose, audience and subject matter.

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT7: uses common signposting devices such as headings, subheadings, paragraphs, navigation bars and links to navigate texts (process)
  • UnT8: uses knowledge of the features and convention of the type of text to build meaning (recognises that the beginning of a persuasive text may introduce the topic and the line of argument) (process); skims and scans texts for key words to identify the main idea (process)
  • UnT9: summarises the text identifying key details (comprehension); selects reading/viewing pathways appropriate to reading purpose (scans text for key phrases or close reading for learning) (process); uses knowledge of the features and convention of the type of text to build meaning (recognises that the beginning of a persuasive text may introduce the topic and the line of argument) (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task 1: What is inference?

Students use clues and background knowledge to learn about inference (five activities)

Task 2: Using images to infer

Students learn to infer using images (four activities).

Task 3: Inferring from text

Student use background knowledge, and clues in words and images to make an inference (four activities).

Task 4: Analysing texts

Students make inferences using text extracts and discuss how and why these may be different (two activities).

Return to top of page Back to top