Values school outcomes

Values school outcomes is a research-based measure from the Tell Them From Me surveys. It is a source of evidence linked to What works best and the School Excellence Framework.

What is it?

Students who value schooling outcomes and meet the formal rules of schooling are considered institutionally engaged. These students feel that what they are learning at school is directly related to their long-term success, and this is reflected in their school and class attendance as well as their effort in completing homework.

The Tell Them From Me surveys ask students about the extent to which they value school outcomes and believe that what they are learning at school is important for their futures. The results are reported as the percentage of students that value schooling outcomes.

Why is it important?

Students’ academic achievement and wellbeing is affected by the level to which they value schooling outcomes. Many students do not believe their experiences at school have much bearing on their future and therefore fail to be engaged in their learning. This can lead to a lack of intellectual engagement in their learning and subsequent under-achievement at school. Students’ attitudes towards learning have been shown to be impact on achievement.

School improvement links

School Excellence Framework element What works best theme
Learning culture High expectations

Evidence base

Dunleavy, J., Willms, J. D., Milton, P., & Friesen, S. (2012). The relationship between student engagement and academic outcomes. “What did you do in school today?” research series: Report number one. Toronto: Canadian Education Association.

Linnenbrink-Garcia, L., & Pekrun, R. (2011). Students’ emotions and academic engagement: Introduction to the special issue. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 36(1), 1-3.

OECD (2013). What do students think about school? PISA in Focus, No. 24. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Voelkl, K. E. (1995). School warmth, student participation, and achievement. Journal of Experimental Education, 63(2), 127-138.

Willms, J. D. (2003). Student engagement at schools: A sense of belonging and participation. Paris: OECD Publishing.

Image: This explainer has been produced in collaboration with The Learning Bar

Explainers of the Tell Them From Me measures have been produced in collaboration with The Learning Bar. The Tell Them From Me measures are provided by, and remain the intellectual property of, The Learning Bar. The explainers can also be found online within the Tell Them From Me portal. Tell Them From Me and TTFM are trademarks of The Learning Bar.


  • Student engagement and wellbeing
  • Tell Them From Me

Business Unit:

  • Centre for Education Statistics and Evaluation
Return to top of page Back to top