Stage 2 reading - Connecting ideas in text

Learning intention

Students will learn to identify devices that link information across and within texts.

Syllabus outcome

  • EN2-RECOM-01: reads and comprehends texts for wide purposes using knowledge of text structures and language, and by monitoring comprehension 

National Literacy Learning Progression

Understanding texts

  • UnT6: makes connections between texts (e.g. compares two versions of a well-known story) (comprehension); uses cohesive devices to connect ideas or events (e.g. tracks pronoun referencing) (see Grammar) (process)

  • UnT7: monitors the development of ideas using language and visual features (topic sentences, key verbs, graphs) (comprehension); identifies language and text features that signal purpose in a predictable text (e.g. diagrams, dialogue) (comprehension)
  • UnT8: uses knowledge of cohesive devices to track meaning throughout a text (e.g. connectives such as however, on the other hand) (see Grammar) (comprehension)
  • UnT9: uses knowledge of a broader range of cohesive devices to track meaning (e.g. word associations) (see Grammar) (process)

NAPLAN item descriptors

The relevant NAPLAN item descriptors are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Task outline

Full task descriptions are included in the resource, available for download on this page.

Pronoun referencing

Students identify pronouns, nouns and proper nouns and investigate how they are used effectively.

Connecting ideas in informative texts

Students use the ‘Scan, Reread Check’ strategy and investigate ways to build or support reader understanding in texts (four activities).

Linking key words in texts

Students identify key words and words with different and similar meaning then investigate connections and relationships between ideas.

Identifying how images relate to words

Students use picture books to understand different relationships between images and language including: equivalent meaning; elaborated meaning; complementary meaning; and divergent meaning.


  • Teaching and learning

Business Unit:

  • Educational Standards
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