In the classroom
Teachers can promote student learning and positive behaviour by using classroom management approaches that are consistent, inclusive and supportive, such as:
- explicitly teaching expected behaviour and social-emotional competence
- acknowledging appropriate behaviours in multiple ways
- using a continuum of strategies to respond to inappropriate behaviour
- using data to monitor and adjust strategies.
The Classroom management - Creating and maintaining positive learning environments document defines classroom management and provides a brief overview of classroom management research. It describes characteristics of effective classroom management strategies.
On the playground
Classrooms are highly structured environments with clear rules and routines and the visible presence of a teacher. Outside this ordered environment, many of the predictable classroom conditions change. Moving through other parts of the school and transitioning from classroom to playground presents a new set of considerations for supervision, organisation and expectations of student behaviour.
Planning and preparation are key to successful activities outside the classroom.
The playground is an important learning environment for students. A well-structured and properly equipped playground can promote pro-social behaviours that are beneficial for social competence and for cognitive development.
The way spaces are organised and used can either encourage or discourage positive student behaviour and interactions. Inappropriate behaviour in the playground can be minimised by having clear and well communicated expectations and ensuring all areas are well supervised.
It is important to involve students and staff in identifying any playground issues that require attention and determining any possible improvements.
Components of effective playground supervision
For staff, being observant and responsive on the playground is essential whether you are ‘on duty’ or just passing through. It is important to consistently practise:
- active movement and visibility around the grounds
- listening to and acknowledging student concerns
- proactive intervention to avoid potential problems
- positive interactions with students
- regular acknowledgement of appropriate play
- checking for the correct use of play equipment
- encouragement for keeping a clean, safe environment
- regular reminders to students about the expectations, rules and responsibilities
- fair and consistent implementation of school policies.
Journals and articles
CESE: What works Best in practice
Learn more about mastering classroom transitions
Learn more about sound routines.
Learn more about establishing classroom expectations for primary schools.
Learn more about explicit instruction in the classroom.
Learn more about effective body language in the classroom.
Physical activity interventions incorporate physical movement to encourage and maintain student engagement.
Multiple activities to engage students includes physical warm-ups that relate to the content being taught in the classroom.
Factsheets and resources
Classroom management includes clear communication of expectations, explicit teaching and frequent acknowledgement of desired behaviours and timely responses to inappropriate behaviour. These resources provide additional information about good classroom management practice.
Fact sheet Kindergarten: setting up for success (PDF 99KB).
Fact sheet Positive class climate (PDF 98.8KB).
Fact sheet Promoting positive behaviour (PDF 97.5KB)
Fact sheet Incentives (PDF 96KB).
Fact sheet – Playgound supervision (PDF 98.4KB)
Tools and resources on the Australian Institute for Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL) site.
To find out more about developing behaviour programs, visit the How do I plan for behaviour support website.
Presented by Erin Erceg – How can the school environment inflame or extinguish bullying behaviour
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