Understanding behaviour

Understanding and managing behaviour resources provide an insight into factors that influence behaviour, aggressive and violent behaviour, identifying risk, enhancing student resilience, and supporting pro-social behaviour.

Information about this resource

This resource provides schools, teachers, students and parents with the supports and resources needed to understand behaviour, including a resource hub.  

This resource supports teacher and school needs by providing:

  • high quality resources to understand factors that influence behaviour

  • what happens during behaviour, particularly aggressive and violent behaviours

  • teaching and supporting pro-social behaviour

  • how to mitigate risk

  • how to build student resilience.

Professional audience

School leaders and teachers across all school settings.

This resource is able to be used without assistance, as a stand-alone resource and/or linked to professional learning.

Student audience

All students P-12.

When to use

To better understand and support student behaviour, the factors that influence behaviour, aggressive and violent behaviour, identifying risk and strategies to enhance student resilience.


Can be used at any time when teachers require information to better support student behaviour.

System priorities and/or needs


This resource aligns with:

  • Need identified by Delivery Support to build teacher capacity in understanding behaviour.


School Excellence Framework


  • Learning domain – Wellbeing (Caring for students, A planned approach to wellbeing, Individual learning needs, Behaviour) .

  • Teaching domain Effective classroom practice (Classroom management) .


Relevant frameworks


  • Standard 1, particularly Standard 1.2, 1.4, 1.6.

  • Standard 4, particularly 4.1, 4.3, 4.4 .

Existing resources

Consulted with: Delivery Support team, Aboriginal Partnerships and Outcomes, Inclusion and Wellbeing as part of the development of the behaviour support toolkit. 

Reviewed by: Behaviour Services

Last updated: January 2024


Baxendale, S., Lester, L., Johnston, R., Cross, D. (2015). Risk factors in adolescent’s involvement in violent behaviors, Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 7(1), p2-18. https://doi.org/10.1108/JACPR-09-2013-0025

Brion-Meisels, G., Garnett, B. R. (2016). Toward an integrated theory of relational youth violence: bridging a gap among the theory, research and practice of bullying prevention, Contemporary School Psychology, 20, p 240-253. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40688-015-0080-8

Bronfenbrenner, U. (1994). Ecological models of human development, International Encyclopedia of Education, 3, 1643-1647.

Byers, T., Liu, K., Knock, A., & Imms, W. (2018). A systematic review of the effects of learning environments on student learning outcomes. http://www.iletc.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/TR4_Web.pdf

Centre for Education Statistics and Evaluation. (2020). What works best: 2020 update. NSW Department of Education. https://www.cese.nsw.gov.au/images/stories/PDF/What-works-best-2020-update.pdf

Goss, P., & Sonneman, J. (2017). Engaging students. Creating classrooms that improve learning. https://grattan.edu.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Engaging-students-creating-classrooms-that-improve-learning.pdf

Hahn, R., Fuqua-Whitley, D., Wethington, H., Lowry, J., Crosby, A., Fullilove, M., Johnson, R., Liberman, A., Moscicki, E., Price, L., Snyder, S., Tuma, F., Cory, S., Stone, G., Mukhopadhaya, K., Chattopadhyay, S., Dahlebrg, L. (2017). Effectiveness of universal school-based programs to prevent violent and aggressive behaviour: A systematic review, American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33(2), p114-129.

Pearce, N., Cross, D., Epstein, M., Johnston, R., & Legge, E. (2019). Strengthening school and system capacity to implement effective interventions to support student behaviour and wellbeing in NSW public schools: An evidence review. Telethon Kids Institute: Perth, Western Australia.

Smigelskas, K., Vaiciunas, T., Lukoseviciute, J., Malinowska-Cieslik, M., Melkumova, M., Movsesyan, E., Zaborskis. (2018). Sufficient social support as a possible prevention factor against fighting and bullying in school children, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324799596_Sufficient_Social_Support_as_a_Possible_Preventive_Factor_against_Fighting_and_Bullying_in_School_Children

To provide feedback on this resource, please complete this Feedback form.

Return to top of page Back to top