Resource Allocation Model

The Resource Allocation Model (RAM) is a needs-based funding model which uses a base and loading approach to ensure a fair, efficient and transparent allocation of the NSW public education budget for every school.

The model recognises that each school is unique, and that student and school needs are not all the same. The RAM funding methodology underpins the allocation of resources based on the unique context of each school and levels of student need, provided to schools annually through the School Budget Allocation Report (SBAR).

The RAM methodology is underpinned by 5 principles.

The RAM:

  • is based on student and school needs
  • is evidence based
  • is efficient and transparent
  • provides certainty for schools
  • is sustainable and adaptable.

The components of the RAM can be seen in the triangle below. The 7 RAM loadings are shown on the left side, with needs-based funding allocations indicated on the right side. Some of the RAM loadings are also needs-based funding allocations.

Image: The RAM consists of 3 components.

Every NSW public school receives their SBAR in Term 4, showing the school funding allocation for the following year, including needs-based funding and base operational costs. SBAR funding supports school leaders to achieve the strategic directions in their Strategic Improvement Plan (SIP) and improve student outcomes. It includes each school's allocations for the 7 loadings of the RAM.

SBAR funding and staffing allocations provided as full-time equivalent (FTE) must be used in the calendar year for which they are provided.

Further information

For more information read:

Staff can find more Strategic Schools Resourcing information on our intranet.


  • Finance and accounting
  • School operations

Business Unit:

  • Finance
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