Carry Forward (Schools)

Direction and guidance for schools on managing State Consolidated Fund (Fund 6100) and Consolidated Fund Carry Forward (Fund 6101).

Changes since previous version

2023 Aug 22 – updated implementation document, Carry Forward (Schools) Guidelines. Update to items not requiring application for extraordinary circumstances due to introduction of a Term 3 deadline.

Document history

2022 Nov 14 - updated the policy and guidelines to improve clarity around requirements and strengthen support for schools. There are no changes to current requirements for schools. The clarifications include that carry forward amounts will be transferred to Fund 6101 and requests for exceptional circumstances will be approved by the Chief Financial Officer. The update also reflects the change in policy ownership to Director, Schools Planning Budgeting and Reporting.

2021 Jul 28 - new implementation document: Carry Forward (Schools) Guidelines.

2021 Apr 22 - New policy

Superseded documents


  1. Policy statement
    1. Schools are allocated funds for the current year's cohort of students, which are provided to support their learning and wellbeing needs. Schools establish and manage their school budget in accordance with the school's Strategic Improvement Plan.
    2. School funding is to be expended in the calendar year in which it is received to uplift student outcomes. Retaining allocated funds at the end of the school year poses a risk to achieving improved student learning and wellbeing outcomes.
    3. In this policy:
      1. 'State Consolidated Fund' refers to all funding schools receive in the annual School Budget Allocation Report (SBAR), as well as budget adjustments, intercompany journals and sundry tax invoices received throughout the year under Fund 6100.
      2. 'Carry forward' refers to the process of transferring unspent State Consolidated Funds from the end of one school year to the beginning of the following school year.
      3. 'Automatic Carry Forward' refers to the capped amount that a school can carry forward without requesting approval.
    4. Where schools have declared an opening balance from State Consolidated Funds in January 2021, they will only be able to draw on this until 31 December 2024. The department has transferred this balance into a new Fund 6101 Consolidated Fund Carry Forward, which will separate these funds from in-year funding and enable schools to track the balance.
      1. Schools are expected to spend their 2021 opening balance funds from Fund 6101 Consolidated Fund Carry Forward evenly across the 4-year period up to December 2024.
      2. Unspent amounts in Fund 6101 will be centralised at the end of December 2024. Requests to carry forward these unspent amounts after December 2024 will be permitted only in exceptional circumstances.
    5. For the first 4 years from the end of 2021 to the end of 2024, schools with unspent State Consolidated Funds at the end of the school year can automatically carry forward a limited amount of funds, as outlined below. Any remaining funds will be centralised.
      School year ending Automatic carry forward amount allowed Capped amount Floor amount


      3% full budget




      3% operating expense budget




      2% operating expense budget




      1% operating expense budget



    6. From the end of the 2025 school year, unspent State Consolidated Funds will not carry forward. Schools are required to expend funds in accordance with their Strategic Improvement Plan.
    7. Schools will only be able to request to carry forward unspent amounts beyond December 2024 in exceptional circumstances. Approval of requests for carrying forward State Consolidated Funds is managed on a case-by-case basis and is not guaranteed.
      1. A Director, Educational Leadership may support a school to submit a request to carry forward unspent State Consolidated Fund allocations, for the current or subsequent years, to the Finance directorate.
      2. Schools must describe the exceptional circumstances for not spending the funds on the current cohort of students as well as the implementation plan to spend the funds in the following school year, including links to the school's strategic directions and improved student outcomes.
      3. For existing or new capital projects, carry forward amounts must be agreed with School Infrastructure NSW, in accordance with established procedures.
      4. The Chief Financial Officer will assess the carry forward request recommended by the relevant Director, Educational Leadership or School Infrastructure NSW, for approval by NSW Treasury (if required).
  2. Audience and applicability
    1. NSW public school principals and staff responsible for school budget management.
    2. Corporate staff working with NSW public schools in relation to budget management.
    3. This policy does not apply to carry forward adjustments in corporate areas of the department.
  3. Context
    1. The principles outlined in this policy are aimed at establishing long-term robust financial management practices that mitigate the risk that State Consolidated Funds will be significantly underspent in schools.
    2. The requirements set out in this policy are consistent with supporting legislation and Treasury directions.
    3. A summary of relevant law and policy is provided below.
      1. Constitution Act 1902 (NSW), s39, provides that all public money (including all revenue, loans and other moneys whatsoever) collected or received by any person (including a NSW Government agency) for or on behalf of the state is to be paid into the Consolidated Fund.
      2. Government Sector Finance Act 2018 (NSW), s4.6, provides that money must not be paid out of the Consolidated Fund except under the authority of an Act.
      3. Government Sector Finance Act 2018 (NSW), s4.7, identifies deemed appropriation money as government money that a GSF agency receives of a kind prescribed by the regulations that: (a) forms part of the Consolidated Fund, and (b) is not appropriated under the authority of an Act.
      4. Government Sector Finance Act 2018 (NSW), s4.8, provides that every unused appropriation for an annual reporting period for the NSW Government lapses with the exception of an unused appropriation under section 4.7.
      5. NSW Treasury Circular (TPG 22-05 - Carry Forward Policy) outlines the Carry Forward criteria and the assessment and approval process for the various categories of Carry Forwards as part of the State Budget process.
      6. School Excellence policy provides direction for schools to lead strategic improvement planning and annual reporting, to self-assess, and undertake external validation using the School Excellence Framework.
      7. Financial delegations list the powers granted to specific staff by the Minister or Secretary under various Acts, to perform financial functions on their behalf.
  4. Responsibilities and delegations
    1. Principals:
      1. establish and manage their school budget revenue, expenditure and carry forward adjustments within the calendar year in line with the School Excellence policy and this Carry Forward (Schools) policy
      2. identify and manage potential underspends/overspends
      3. inform Directors, Educational Leadership as soon as possible when it is not possible to manage potential underspends/overspends within their existing budget.
    2. Directors, Educational Leadership:
      1. monitor financial performance of schools and identify potential underspends/overspends
      2. approve Strategic Improvement Plans including plans for investment of Fund 6101 Consolidated Fund Carry Forward
      3. work collaboratively with schools and Finance directorate to recommend carry forward requests, where exceptional circumstances exist
      4. provide advice and support to principals on the carry forward adjustment process.
    3. Executive Directors, Educational Leadership:
      1. monitor overall financial performance of operational directorates and related principal networks
      2. provide advice and support to Directors, Educational Leadership on the carry forward adjustment process.
    4. School Infrastructure NSW Asset Management Unit:
      1. works collaboratively with schools and Finance directorate to recommend carry forward adjustments to support capital projects.
    5. Finance directorate:
      1. provides strategic financial advice and analysis, assists with annual planning, reporting, complex decision-making and applying financial policies in schools
      2. works collaboratively with Directors, Educational Leadership to prepare and recommend carry forward adjustments to the Chief Financial Officer and NSW Treasury (if required)
      3. reviews school carry forward requests for consideration by the Chief Financial Officer.
    6. Chief Financial Officer:
      1. approves carry forward requests, except where approval by the NSW Treasurer is required
      2. endorses carry forward adjustment requests and submits these for approval by the NSW Treasurer (if required).
  5. Monitoring and review
    1. The Chief Financial Officer monitors the implementation of this policy, regularly reviews its contents to ensure relevance and accuracy, and updates it as needed.
  6. Contact
    Director, Schools Planning, Budgeting and Reporting
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