Evidence-based strategies for Deaf, deaf and hard of hearing

Evidence-based strategies are those that have been evaluated by researchers within school settings, and found to be effective.

Consider adjustments to teaching style

Communicate in different ways

Consider including visual methods of communication, such as posters, role plays, captioned videos, storyboards, and classroom schedules.

Consider using a role model

Deaf, deaf and hard of hearing students who communicate via sign language may benefit from having a language role model who they can learn from and communicate with in the classroom. It may be helpful to work with an interpreter or learn some key Auslan signs.

Check you have the student's attention

When giving instructions or communicating with the student, maintain eye contact and check that the student can see your face and mouth.

Allow more time to communicate

Some students may need more time to process information, especially if lip reading is involved, and answer questions (for example, via the use of sign language, picture, or gestures).

Make adjustments to activities and equipment

Allow the student to use technology or assistive devices

Deaf, deaf and hard of hearing students may have different ways of communicating. Some might use assistive technologies such as hearing aids and cochlear implants, and may communicate using tablets, pictures, or gestures. Consider how you can incorporate these into classroom activities.

Maximise technology

Some students may have communication aids to assist with participation in the classroom. For example, a transmitter and microphone may be needed so students can pick up verbal communication. Encourage students to use technology that best supports them.

Provide plenty of opportunities for peer interaction

Consider providing small group work, buddies, and role playing. It may be helpful to teach hearing students how to best communicate with their Deaf, deaf and hard of hearing peers. This could involve teaching key Auslan signs to the classroom.