Conjunctions and connectives are cohesive devices that work to improve the flow of the writing. Conjunctions operate within sentences and connectives relate to meaning between sentences.

Stage 4 cohesion includes the following topics:

  • Developing themes
    The theme can be seen as the stitching that links the text together and provides cohesion. Creating a common theme throughout a piece of writing and presenting it in a logical sequence allows the reader to engage with the ideas in the text more deeply.
  • Text structure
    Cohesion in texts includes the use of connectives and conjunctions and more sophisticated texts effectively use a variety of referring words, substitutions, word associations and text connectives to improve the flow of the writing. It refers to the use of linguistic devices to join sentences together, including conjunctions, reference words, substitution and lexical devices such as repetition of words (or synonyms), collocations and lexical groups.
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