Sentence structure – prepositions
Identifying and using prepositions
There are approximately 150 prepositions in English. The prepositions of, to and in are among the ten most frequent words in English.
The name “preposition” (pre + position) means “place before”. Prepositions usually come before another word, such as a:
- noun phrase
- gerund (participle of verb – ends in –ing – but used as a noun, e.g., The dancing was enjoyed by all).
Activities to support the strategy
Activity 1: preposition quiz
Teachers download free PDF file “English Prepositions List”, available at www.englishclub.com/download/english-prepositions-list.
This e-book is not a “dictionary of prepositions.” It provides access to virtually all the English prepositions in one place with examples of their use in context. It also tests understanding of prepositions with 200 quiz questions (20 ten question quizzes) (with answers). Joint construction of answers could be quick lesson breaks.
Download a PDF that can be saved and used on the IWB with a writing overlay.
Activity 2: prepositions of place game
Students drag objects from underneath the main illustration. Once clicked on the instructions tell you where to put it. Drawers, cupboards etc. open:
Activity 3: prepositional grammar wheel
Students play independently. Reading required:
Activity 4: outside prepositional play
Download and print the cards. In a group outside and around the fixed equipment (playground equipment) students follow the picture directions:
ACELA1493: Text structure and organisation: Understand that the meaning of sentences can be enriched through the use of noun groups/phrases and verb groups/phrases and prepositional phrases.
EN2-9B: Outcome 9: uses effective and accurate sentence structure, grammatical features, punctuation conventions and vocabulary relevant to the type of text when responding to and composing texts (EN2-9B) - Understand and apply knowledge of language forms and features: understand how to elaborate on ideas in texts through the use of prepositional phrases
NSW literacy continuum
COMC9M8: Comprehension, Cluster 9, Marker 8: Builds understanding about the meaning of a text by identifying and discussing text organisation and features, e.g. cohesive links.