Verbs: identifying and using correct verb tense and agreement
Verbs create the relationship between the subject and the object of the verb.
The verb is the element that expresses what is happening in a sentence and locates it in time (tense). In broad terms the tense will be past, present or future, for example 'Sarah laughed', 'Sarah laughs', 'Sarah will laugh'. Participles (verbs ending in –ing) do not locate a verb in time and need a finite component to indicate when the event happens. For example, the participle running needs the finite auxiliaries was running (past), is running (present), will be running (future) to indicate when the running occurred. Verbs are central to a clause.
Verbs occur both as single words and as verb groups. Verb groups can contain two or more verbs and are sometimes called complex/compound verbs. They may include non–finite verbs (for example, 'to jump'in 'is going to jump').
Verbs are central to a clause.
Verbs must agree with their subject in number. For example:
- he jumps.
- they jump.
Activities to support the strategy
Activity 1: tense sentences
Two teams are made. Three chairs are placed in a row with cards on each as perhaps below representing past, present and future.
Students, one at a time from each team, pick a card with a verb on it. Cards can be made using regular or irregular verbs from the following websites.
Either spin the spinner on the IWB or have a second set of the cards above shuffled for the student to also choose one. Student sits in the correct chair and must say a sentence in the correct tense. Both regular and irregular verbs can be used using assessment data to inform difficulty. Students keep playing until there is a 2 point (teacher choice) difference. Winning team become “tense champions” for the day.
Activity 2: bean bag toss
Students form a circle.
A bean bag is tossed to different students who must change the tense of the verb and put it in a sentence. Whenever a student makes a mistake, he or she has to leave the circle. The last student left standing gets a reward sticker or other prize.
Variation 1: two teams stand across from each other and throw the bean bag/s. Teacher calls out the sentence and the tense to change to. Team with the most correct and interesting answer wins.
Variation 2: the teacher has a number of singular and plural nouns on the board. Two teams take it in turn to throw the bean bag to the opposition who must use whatever the thrower indicates – either singular or plural noun in a sentence with the matching verb type.
Activity 3: subject-verb agreement rap
Students work with the teacher and the following information to create their own rap or mnemonic for the following.
- Most nouns add “s” to show they are plural.
- Verbs lose “s” to agree with plurals.
ACELA1455: Expressing and developing ideas: Recognise and know how to use morphemes in word families for example ‘play’ in ‘played’ and ‘playing’.
EN1-9B: Outcome 9: uses basic grammatical features, punctuation conventions and vocabulary appropriate to the type of text when responding to and composing texts (EN1-9B) - Respond to and compose texts: begin to organise ideas into paragraphs when composing texts
NSW literacy continuum
WRIC9M7: Aspects of writing, Cluster 9, Marker 7: Chooses verbs, adverbials, nouns and adjectives to express specific ideas and details.