Interpreting images

When students interpret images they form opinions and make assumptions and judgement about events, situations and issues in the text, and how the characters are thinking and feeling.

Activity 1: interpreting images

Inference with pictures can be used as a reference for both teacher and students.

Choose images that are appropriate for students’ ages, interests and learning needs. Give the interpreting image guide (PDF 17.4KB) questions as a framework for student discussion. The students should be reminded that their interpretations will be linked to their prior knowledge and experiences. Students’ interpretations should be supported by evidence from the images and can be linked to other texts and their own experiences.


Australian curriculum – ACELA1483: Expressing and developing ideas: Identify the effect on audiences of techniques, for example shot size, vertical camera angle and layout in picture books, advertisements and film segments.

NSW syllabus – EN2-8B: Explore the effect of choices when framing an image, placement of elements in the image, and salience on composition of still and moving images in a range of types of texts

NSW literacy continuum – Comprehension, Cluster 9, Marker 7: Analyses a text by discussing visual, aural and written techniques used in the text.

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