Literal comprehension is the understanding of information and facts directly stated in the text. It is recognised as the first and most basic level of comprehension in reading. Students can employ literal comprehension skills (keywords, skim reading and scanning) to better locate information efficiently.
|Key words||are the content words that carry the most meaning in a text. Students can underline or highlight the key words.|
|Skimming||quickly reading through a text to get the main idea. Students can skim read by looking at headings and sub–headings, pictures, diagrams, captions, any italicised or bold words, and the first and last paragraphs of the text.|
|Scanning||reading to locate particular elements or specific details in a text, such as key concepts, names, dates or certain information in answer to a question. Students can scan by looking through the text to locate key words to find the specific information quickly.|