How can I use my SEF data reports with other data?

The School Excellence Framework data reports provide an important – but not complete – view of school performance. Consider your SEF data reports alongside other internal and external data sources.

Although the SEF data reports can show you results for a number of performance measures, they cannot answer questions such as ‘why?’ or ‘how?’. Using other data sources can help answer some of these questions. For example, results in your Value-added Report can tell you about the growth experienced by students in your school, and whether this has changed over time, but cannot tell you why this is or how you can improve this.

Other external student performance data

Data reports in SMART or BI can provide much more detail on the NAPLAN and HSC data than is shown in the SEF data reports. For example, they can:

  • show you performance of students at your school for NAPLAN domains other than Reading and Numeracy
  • provide subject-specific HSC results
  • indicate performance from other standardised assessments such as VALID
  • allow you to examine the growth experienced by individual students in your school or
  • drill down to item-level NAPLAN results to determine whether there are particular issues requiring increased focus.

For an example of a school using SMART in conjunction with its SEF data reports, see the Hopewood Boys High School case study.

Other data sources

Internal performance data is often very rich and can provide a lot of detail on performance of students, particularly in years not covered by assessments like NAPLAN or HSC. This data could include A-E report card grades; literacy and numeracy continua data; results of formative assessment (through testing or homework) undertaken by teachers as part of their classroom activities; or assessment as part of specific interventions such as Reading Recovery or MultiLit.

In some cases, student performance data can identify particular areas of focus that may be best investigated using methods such as teacher observation.

To see examples of how the SEF data reports could be used in the self-assessment process, please visit the case studies page.

For examples of evidence that may be useful for each element, please visit the sources of evidence section.

For guidance in how to collect and analyse data, visit guidelines for using data.


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