Using funding for EAL/D students

Equity loading for English language proficiency can be used to implement evidence-based initiatives for improved outcomes for your EAL/D students.

The current SBAR essentials, on the SBAR resource hub, provides key advice on ensuring the purposeful use of spending the funding, and provides examples of effective practice for schools.

The schools funding page for English language proficiency provides more detail.

Effective use of funding and resources provides more information and examples demonstrating how to use your equity loading and targeted funding in school planning.

Equity loadings for EAL/D students

Specific examples of using staffing and flexible funding may include:

  • employing an additional EAL/D teacher to deliver targeted support for EAL/D students
  • employing an EAL/D head teacher to strengthen and oversee whole school planning and effective EAL/D program organisation to meet the needs of EAL/D students, including students from refugee backgrounds
  • enhancing the delivery of EAL/D pedagogy across the school through strategic school EAL/D leadership positions and professional learning for teachers
  • implementing an extensive professional learning model involving workshops, collaborative planning and an action research project through which all teachers have improved their knowledge, understanding and application of EAL/D pedagogies
  • employing temporary staff to allow EAL/D specialist teachers to gather, analyse and plan using EAL/D data.

Targeted funding for newly arrived students

The New Arrivals Program (NAP) provides initial intensive English tuition for newly arrived students who are learning English as an additional language and who are at beginning or emerging levels of English language proficiency.

New arrivals funding:

  • provides additional teacher support
  • targets specific students to develop their English language skills and participate successfully in learning
  • is monitored in the SIP, either by linking to a specific strategic direction, or tracked in SPaRO’s annual additional funding activities
  • must be evaluated and reported through the annual report.

Schools funding - new arrivals provides more information about eligibility criteria and how to apply for this funding.

Targeted funding for refugee students

This targeted funding supports students from refugee backgrounds who have been enrolled in an Australian school for less than 3 years. Effective support for refugee students requires a coordinated whole school approach.

Examples of using funds includes:

  • creating a safe, welcoming school environment and orientation to school
  • uniforms and essential equipment, camps and excursions
  • bilingual learning support.


Targeted funding for refugee students:

  • is monitored in the Strategic Improvement Plan, either by linking to a specific strategic direction, or tracked in SPaRO’s ‘annual additional funding activities’
  • must be evaluated and reported through the annual report.

Reflective questions

  • Has our equity loading for English language proficiency been used to implement evidence-based initiatives that lead to measurable improvements in outcomes for our EAL/D students?
  • How have we targeted and planned to expend all resources provided through our annual budget to improve the English language proficiency of our EAL/D students this year?
  • Are our refugee students and their needs are identified and supported appropriately?
  • Have all initiatives for targeted funding provided for refugee students, or for newly arrived students, including those not linked to a specific strategic direction, been accounted for in Implementation and progress monitoring ‘annual additional funding activities’ and evaluated for publication in our annual report?
  • Are our newly arrived students and their needs identified and supported appropriately? How do we know?
  • Does our Strategic Improvement Plan (SIP) meet the needs of all our EAL/D students? How do we know?
  • How will we report on the impact of our resources and strategies in the annual report?

Learn more

Find out more about School Excellence in Action.

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