Package 3-3: Creating metaphor

This lesson is the third of three lessons which aim to build understanding of a metaphor.

Week 4 - Package 3 - Year 5 and 6 English/literacy - Creating metaphor

Things your child will need

Have these things available so your child can complete this task.


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Before your child starts

This lesson is the final of three lessons which aim to build student understanding of metaphor.

What is a metaphor?

A metaphor is a resemblance between one thing and another is declared by suggesting that one thing is another, for example 'My fingers are ice'. Metaphors will say that something is something else by using verbs such as is, are, were and was.

Literary devices

Literary devices are used in texts to connect with the reader and convey meaning. As your child reads they are beginning to recognise simple literary devices used by authors. Your child is also beginning to learn how to explain why the author has used the device. In narratives or stories, authors might use literary devices such as personification, similes, alliteration, onomatopoeia and imagery to engage the reader and allow them to visualise the setting and characters.

Figurative language

Figurative language creates comparisons by linking the senses and the concrete to abstract ideas. Words or phrases are used in a non-literal way for particular effect, for example simile, metaphor, personification. Figurative language may also use elements of other senses, as in hearing with onomatopoeia, or in combination as in synaesthesia.

What your child needs to do

Your child will watch a video of a lesson about creating metaphors. The teacher will guide your child as they learn how to identify, explain and create examples of metaphor.

Throughout the lesson, your child will be asked to pause the video to complete an activity on the activity sheets.

By the end of the lesson, your child will have activities to support them to be able to:

  • understand what a metaphor is
  • explain the difference between a metaphor and a simile
  • create sophisticated examples of metaphor.

What your child can do next

Your child will be completing a range of activities, including:

  • creating a mind map of their understanding of metaphor
  • completing a Venn diagram on simile and metaphor
  • creating examples of metaphor.

Options for your child

Activity too hard?

Work with your child to find a relationship with something they know. For example, fun is...playing PlayStation or drawing. When comfortable, work with your child to add more

detail. For example, “fun is drawing cartoons on a warm summer’s day.

Activity too easy?

Have your child find examples of metaphor in more sophisticated texts and poetry. Have them discuss questions they have with an adult to help them to understand its meaning.

Children may like to look at well-known metaphors and explore where they originated.

Extension/additional activity

Your child might create a newspaper article or a teaching video to teach someone about metaphors.

Activity sheet 1: Analogy, simile and metaphor

Your task

  • Brainstorm vocabulary about the connection between the noun and abstract noun.
  • Create a simile
  • Create a metaphor
  • Challenge: complete some of your own!
With metaphor

How is anger like a volcano?

With simile

The adder's anger spat venom as if lava from a volcano

With metaphor

The adder's anger was a volcano; spewing lava to all who dared approach.

With metaphor

How is hope like a bubble?

With simile

With metaphor

With metaphor

How is strength like a tree?

With simile

With metaphor

Activity sheet 2: Venn diagram

Your task

  • Fill in the characteristics of a simile.
  • Fill in the characteristics of a metaphor.
  • Determine the similarities between them in the centre section.
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