Package 3-1: What is a metaphor?

This lesson is the first of three lessons which aim to build understanding of a metaphor.

Week 4 - Package 1 - Year 5 and 6 English/literacy - What is a metaphor?

Things your child will need

Have these things available so your child can complete this task.


  • Metaphor video
  • Activity sheet 1
  • Activity sheet 2
  • Paper or workbook
  • Pencil or pen
  • Highlighter

Back up

Before your child starts

This lesson is the first of three lessons which aim to build student understanding of a metaphor.

What is a metaphor?

A metaphor is a resemblance between one thing and another is declared by suggesting that one thing is another, for example 'My fingers are ice'. Metaphors will say that something is something else by using verbs such as is, are, were and was.

Literary devices

Literary devices are used in texts to connect with the reader and convey meaning. As your child reads they are beginning to recognise simple literary devices used by authors. Your child is also beginning to learn how to explain why the author has used the device. In narratives or stories, authors might use literary devices such as personification, similes, alliteration, onomatopoeia and imagery to engage the reader and allow them to visualise the setting and characters.

Figurative language

Figurative language creates comparisons by linking the senses and the concrete to abstract ideas. Words or phrases are used in a non-literal way for particular effect, for example simile, metaphor, personification. Figurative language may also use elements of other senses, as in hearing with onomatopoeia, or in combination as in synaesthesia.

What your child needs to do

Your child will watch a video of a lesson about metaphor. The teacher will guide your child as they learn how to identify, explain and create examples of metaphors.

Throughout the lesson, your child will be asked to pause the video to complete an activity on the activity sheets.

By the end of the lesson, your child will have activities to support them to be able to:

  • understand what a metaphor is
  • brainstorm vocabulary
  • create a creative summary of a metaphor
  • explain the difference between a metaphor and a simile.

What your child can do next

Your child will be completing a range of activities, including:

  • learning what metaphor is
  • determining the difference between a simile and a metaphor.

Options for your child

Activity too hard?

Have your child use their own words to explain to a family member what a metaphor is. Whilst completing daily tasks, make examples of metaphor, for example, whilst eating breakfast: “Eating is pure happiness!” or “This is a mountain of food!”

Activity too easy?

Your child might present their understanding of metaphor into a news report and interview family members for suggestions.

Extension/additional activity

Your child might create a newspaper article or a teaching video to teach someone about metaphors.

Activity sheet 1: Newsflash!

Your task

Create a Newsflash graphic organiser on your understanding on metaphor

  • Create a short, sharp headline that is catchy for the reader.
  • Create a 10-word summary about what a metaphor is.
  • Draw a visual representation of a metaphor.
  1. Headline
  2. Write a 10 word summary of what a metaphor is.
  3. Draw a visual representation of a metaphor.

Activity sheet 2: Venn diagram

Your task

  • Fill in the characteristics of a simile.
  • Fill in the characteristics of a simile.
  • Determine the similarities between them in the centre section.
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