Week 3 - Package 2 - K, Year 1 & 2 Science - Minibeasts in your garden

Discover the variety of minibeasts in your garden with Karen from Sydney Science Educatio

Week 3 - Package 2 - K, Year 1 & 2 Science - Minibeasts in your garden

Things your child will need

Have these things available so your child can complete this task.

Ideal


  • Minibeasts in your garden video

  • Clip board

  • Pencil

  • Gloves

  • Activity Sheet 1: Observations outside

  • Activity Sheet 2: Draw a minibeast

  • Activity Sheet 3: Identifying minibeasts

Back up

  • A hardcover book to lean on

  • Blank paper/work book

Before your child starts

Warning: Some minibeasts can bite or sting. Always tell an adult if you are looking for minibeasts. Wear gloves when collecting and looking in leaf litter.

Make sure your child has everything ready that they will need at the start of the lesson. Check that the video is working and the volume is turned up.

Discuss with your child:

  • Do you know what minibeasts are? How many you can name?

  • What minibeasts do you have around the garden or local park?

  • Which ones do you like the most? Which ones are you least fond of?

What your child needs to do

  1. Watch the Minibeasts in your garden video.

  2. Together list all the important things the minibeasts do. Some examples are: bees pollinating, insects and worms keeping our soils healthy, minibeasts as food and medicine.

  3. Discuss how minibeasts look different to other animals such as your family pets.

  4. Go outside and listen for 2 minutes for insect noises. Discuss what you can hear.

  5. While outside, complete Activity Sheet 1: Observations Outside (found below) by circling the minibeasts you can find within 5 minutes.

  6. Complete Activity 2 - Draw one of the Minibeasts found in the garden or local park. If you can’t go outside, use a picture from the internet or pause the video to find an close up image.

What your child can do next

While outside, see what minibeasts you can find and see if your child can identify them using Activity Sheet 3 below.

Options for your child

Activity too hard?

Research minibeast sounds on the internet. Which ones are most relaxing to listen to, which would keep you awake at night?

Activity too easy?

Label the parts of the minibeast drawn in Activity 2, draw in the background thinking about the area that the minibeast was found.

Extension/Additional activity

Activity Sheet 1: Observations outside

  1. Go outside and listen for 2 minutes. Draw a circle around the minibeast sounds you hear?

Crickets Cicadas Flies Bees Mosquitos

  1. While outside in your garden or local park, circle the minibeast below if you see them.

Dragon fly, snail, butterfly, ant, bee, spider, worm, caterpillar, slug

Activity sheet 2: Draw a minibeast

Draw one of the minibeasts you found today.

What type of minibeast is it?

Activity sheet 3: Identifying minibeasts

Warning: Some minibeasts can bite or sting. Always tell an adult if you are looking for Minibeasts. Wear gloves when collecting and looking in leaf litter

Leaf Litter sorting

Wear gloves to collect leaf litter and put it in a white tray. Use a stick, tweezers or a clean paint brush to sort through the leaf litter. You will see dark minibeasts moving against the white background. Use the images to help identify what you have found.

Beetles: ColeopteraPicture of a beetle.

  • Over 350,000 identified species

  • Chewing mouthparts

  • 2 hard wing coverings

Ants, bees, wasps, sawflies: Hymenoptera

  • Over 150,000 identifies species

AntsPicture of an ant.

  • Body constricted at 'waist'

  • Mouthparts for chewing or munching

WaspImage of a wasp

  • Body constricted at 'waist'

  • Mouthparts for chewing or munching

  • Abdomen tip with long spike

Image of a bee and a cockroach below.Bee

  • Body constricted at 'waist'

  • Eyes large to very large

  • Hind legs enlarged with forked hairs

Cockroaches: Blattodea

  • Body oval, flattened

  • Mouthparts for chewing or munching

  • Many species do not have wings

Bugs: Hemiptera

  • Over 60,000 identifies species

  • All bugs have tube-like mouthparts for piercing and sucking

Three bug subgroups:

True bugs: Picture of a bug.

Cicadas and hoppersPicture of a cicada

Psyllids, aphids, scale insects, whitefliesPicture of a small fly

Flies and mosquitoes: DipteraPicture of a fly

  • Antennae generally short

  • One pair of functional wings

Moths and butterflies: LepidopteraPicture of a butterfly

  • Over 300,000 identifies specie

  • Have overlapping scales

  • Antennae never longer than body

  • Mouthparts long feeding tube coiled

  • Two pairs of wings often patternedPicture of a dragon fly

Dragonflies and damselflies: Odonata

  • Body long and narrow

  • Antennae short and hair-like

  • Eyes large and bulging

  • Dragonflies: wings held outstretched

  • Damselflies: wings pressed togetherPicture of a praying mantis

Praying mantis: Mantodea

  • Head triangular

  • Wings are held flat over body

  • Forelegs rows of sharp spikes

Grasshoppers, Locusts, Crickets, Katydids: OrthopteraPicture of a grasshopper

  • One or two pairs of wings

  • Wings cover abdomen

  • Hind legs shaped like a drumstick

Spiders, scorpions, ticks and mites: ArachnidaPicture of a scorpionPicture of a spider

  • Over 60,000 identifies species

  • 8 legs

  • 2 body parts

Worm: AnnelidaPicture of a worm

  • Long segmented body

Snails and slugs: GastropodaPicture of a snail

  • Body soft and slimy

  • Shell obvious in snails

  • Have one or two tentacles

Stick insects: PhasmatodeaStick insect

  • Body stick or leaf shaped

  • At rest wings are held flat or rolled around body

Centipedes: ChilopodaCentipede

  • One pair of legs per body segment

  • 15 to 191 pairs of legs (always an odd number)

  • Body tip has thread-like appendagesMillipede

Millipedes: Diplopoda

  • Body usually curved

  • Most coil or roll into a ball when disturbed

Slaters: IsopodaSlater

  • 7 pairs of legs 1 per segment

  • 2 pairs of antennae

  • Wide with curved surface

  • Many roll into a ball

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