Explore why metacognition is an important thinking skill and the role it can play in improving student outcomes.

What is metacognition?

Metacognition is an important thinking skill which is defined as 'thinking about thinking.' This involves any behaviour directly linked with a person's control and monitoring of their own learning and thinking, including emotion.

These behaviours can include (but are not limited to):

  • setting goals

  • making sure a problem is understood before answering

  • monitoring memory recall and comprehension

  • reflection

  • generating and testing hypotheses

  • self-questioning

  • brainstorming ideas

  • and strategy selection.

Metacognition involves students making improvements to their learning process.

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