Mathematics – Stage 1 – Year A – Unit 2

Patterns have something that repeats over and over and over again – this unit further develops students’ knowledge, skills, and understanding of patterns.

Mathematics K-2 Syllabus © 2021 NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA) for and on behalf of the Crown in right of the State of New South Wales.

In this unit students will learn to:

  • understand that patterns have an element of repetition, meaning something repeats over and over and over again
  • recognise that the repeating element in a pattern can be called the repeating core
  • use the pattern core to create patterns, extend the patterns of others, and identify the missing elements within patterns
  • develop an understanding that number bonds and dice structures are forms of mathematical patterns we trust
  • understand that some patterns grow (the pattern increases by the same amount in each subsequent term) and shrink (the pattern decreases by the same amount in each subsequent term)
  • identify, describe, and create patterns when counting forwards or backwards in twos, fives, and tens
  • use objects, pictures, words, and numbers to represent and prove ideas
  • apply knowledge of counting sequences to solve problems involving equal groups.

Syllabus focus and content group

Representing whole numbers A – MAO-WM-01, MA1-RWN-01, MA1-RWN-02
  • Use counting sequences of ones with two-digit numbers and beyond
  • Continue and create number patterns
  • Represent numbers on a line
  • Represent the structure of groups of ten in whole numbers
Representing whole numbers B – MAO-WM-01, MA1-RWN-01, MA1-RWN-02
  • Use counting sequences of ones and tens flexibly
  • Form, regroup, and rename three-digit numbers
Combining and separating quantities A – MAO-WM-01, MA1-CSQ-01
  • Use advanced count-by-one strategies to solve addition and subtraction problems
  • Recognise and recall number bonds up to ten
Combining and separating quantities B – MAO-WM-01, MA1-CSQ-01
  • Represent and reason about additive strategies
  • Use knowledge of equality to solve related problems
Forming groups A– MAO-WM-01, MA1-FG-01
  • Count in multiples using rhythmic and skip counting
  • Use skip-counting patterns
  • Model and use equal groups of objects to represent multiplication
Two-dimensional spatial structure A– MAO-WM-01, MA1-2DS-01
  • 2D shapes: Recognise and classify shapes using obvious features
Two-dimensional spatial structure B– MAO-WM-01, MA1-2DS-01
  • Represent, combine and separate two-dimensional shapes
Data A– MAO-WM-01, MA1-DATA-01, MA1-DATA-02
  • Ask questions and gather data
  • Represent data with objects and drawings and describe the displays
Data B– MAO-WM-01, MA1-DATA-01
  • Create displays of data and interpret them

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