Propositions in action
Watch the PDHPE K-10 syllabus propositions video (duration 4minutes 42 seconds) to learn more about the five key propositions which underpin the PDHPE K-10 syllabus.
- drive teaching, learning and assessment
- are informed by the strong evidence-base to ensure that the PDHPE curriculum is contemporary and future-focused
- are interrelated and authentically embedded across the three content strands
- are evident within the syllabus objectives, outcomes and content
- have been adopted from the Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical Education
- offer great potential and focus for the PDHPE key learning area.
Focus on educative purposes
Focus on the explicit learning driven by the syllabus outcomes and content. The focus of all lessons in PDHPE should be on the explicit and purposeful learning that is intended to occur.
Prioritise learning and progression by providing ongoing, developmentally appropriate and explicit learning about health, safety and movement concepts. The priority is to develop knowledge, understanding, attitudes and skills to be healthy, safe and active.
Create purposeful learning experiences where students make meaning of the knowledge, understanding and skills and apply these to live healthy, safe and active lives. Learning intentions and success criteria should be clear and articulated in all PDHPE lessons to identify the knowledge, understanding and skills students will develop, reinforce or apply through each lesson.
Build a shared understanding of why the learning is important. Be able to identify and articulate why the learning is occurring and the evidence that demonstrates this learning is occurring. It should be visible how each PDHPE teaching and learning experience and/or assessment addresses explicit syllabus content and outcomes.
Complement whole school and community approaches. Empower students to actively contribute to, and advocate for, the health, safety and wellbeing of themselves and others.
Affirms that most students are healthy, safe, active and well and bring with them strengths, capacities and resources. Focus on what keeps us healthy, safe, well and physically active throughout life.
Encourage students through this approach to use their own strengths in a wide range of situations to optimise their own and others’ health, safety and wellbeing. Use learning experiences to focus on the capacities, competencies, values and hopes of all students, regardless of their current circumstances.
A strengths-based approach:
- values people as individuals with their own strengths, capacities and resources
- draws on existing strengths and resources to promote action and choice
- promotes positive expectations for all students
- recognises varying access to resources and promotes the role of community in support
- focuses on what individuals and communities can do
- acknowledges that people experience challenges that need support and encourages positive action
- informs and guides pedagogy, learning and assessment
- builds skills to promote confidence and capacity to take action to be healthy, safe, well and physically active.
A strengths-based approach does not:
- use shock, fear or scare tactics to educate students
- fixate on disease, harm, inactivity or ill health and the risk for these
- ignore student voice, feedback, interests and capabilities
- assume all students learn and demonstrate their learning in the same way
- focus only on positive things
- avoid the truth or show only one side
- attempt to immunise students against harmful or risky behaviours
- assume all students are demonstrating the same attitudes and behaviours.
Critical inquiry approach
Recognise the contextual factors that influence people’s attitudes, decisions and actions and encourages students to challenge, question and interrogate PDHPE related content and health information.
Including a critical inquiry approach in PDHPE enables students to:
- build inquiry skills. Promote, support and encourage researching, analysing, applying and appraising knowledge in health and movement contexts.
- recognise contextual factors. Develop capacity of students to recognise that being and staying healthy, safe, well and active are shaped by a range of contextual factors, some of which are controllable and others which are often out of the individual’s control.
- interrogate information. Build ability of students to challenge, question and interrogate all knowledge, information and PDHPE or health and movement related content.
- experience learning. Use a range of pedagogical models or approaches to teaching and learning in PDHPE which focus on experiential learning and recognise learner diversity.
Develop health literacy
Enhance student's ability to gain access to, understand, and use health information and services to promote and maintain health, safety, wellbeing and participation in physical activity.
Include and develop the three dimensions of health literacy through PDHPE. The more students are able to use the dimensions of health literacy, the better skilled they are to take control of their own health.
- Functional health literacy. Shift the focus from traditional sources of information and recognise non-traditional sources of information, e.g. social media and online. Encourage students to research and apply information relating to knowledge and services to respond to a health-related question.
- Interactive health literacy. Develop more advanced knowledge, understanding and skills to enable students to apply new information to changing circumstances. Support students to actively and independently engage with a health issue.
- Critical health literacy. Provide opportunities for student to selectively access and critically analyse health information. Support students to make judgements, critique and question information. These skills will enable students to take action to promote health, safety, wellbeing and participation in physical activity for themselves and others.
These opportunities could include:
- investigating and using a wide range of health and physical activity related vocabulary and symbols
- exploring web page design and navigation and multiliteracy conventions related to health and wellbeing
- recognising and processing information and ideas to read aloud, discuss, brainstorm, develop concept maps and highlight terms, key ideas and note take
- critical assessment of the authenticity and reliability of information
- exploring health inequities and possible solutions.
Focus explicitly on the value of movement, physical activity, physical literacy, and physical education to build knowledge, understanding and skills for a lifetime of physical activity.
Create movement experiences driven by syllabus content and outcomes across a variety of movement and physical activity contexts.
Movement is embedded throughout the content to build movement competence across a range of physical activities.
The movement skill domain ensures movement is mapped to content to highlight authentic opportunities for development of the broad range of movement skills.
Movement provides a powerful context for learning across the curriculum and for developing interpersonal and self management skills.
Physical literacy is developed through an inclusive and holistic approach with an equal focus on movement proficiency, motivation to move and appreciation of the value of moving.