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The NSW Education Standards Authority (NESA) geography K–10 syllabus page contains useful information to assist with programming K-6 geography, including a guide to the syllabus, sample scope and sequences and sample units.

Geographical inquiry process

Use the inquiry process (DOCX 101KB) to support programming in geography.

Geography K-6 teaching and learning frameworks

The following Early Stage 1 to Stage 3 teaching and learning frameworks cover topics from the Geography K–10 Syllabus.

Teachers may adapt these frameworks to suit the needs of individual students and their local school context.

StageSyllabus focusSyllabus contentTeaching framework
ES1People live in places

Important places
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander places
Locating places

My school grounds (DOCX 79KB)
S1Features of placesFeatures of places
How places are organised
Local places and spaces (DOCX 89KB)
S1Features of placesWeather and seasonsWeather (DOCX 47KB)
S1People and placesAustralian places
Australia's location
People's connection to places
Australian places (DOCX 62KB)
S1People and placesLocal and global connectionsAround the world (DOC 87KB)
Aboriginal connections (DOC 85KB)
S2Places are similar and differentThe Australian continentFeatures of Australia (DOC 101KB)
S2Places are similar and differentClimate of places
Similarities and differences between places
Perception and protection of places
Features of Australia (DOC 101KB)
Australia's neighbours (DOC 53KB)
S2Places are similar and differentAustralia's neighboursAustralia's neighbours (DOCX 53KB)
S2The earth's environmentDifferent environments
Significance of environments
Natural environments (DOCX 59KB)
S2The earth's environmentPerception of environments
Protection of environments
National park case study (DOC 106KB)
S3Factors that shape placesFactors that shape environments
Humans shape places
Contemporary land use issue (DOCX 49KB)
S3Factors that shape placesEnvironments shape placesWhy live where? (DOC 94KB)
S3Factors that shape placesBushfire hazardBushfire mitigation (DOC 106KB)
S3A diverse and connected worldDiversity across Asia
The world’s cultural diversity
Engaging with Asia (DOC 105KB)
S3A diverse and connected worldConnections shape perceptions
Global connections
Connections and perceptions (DOCX 51KB)

To view the continuum of learning in Geography K-10, the K-10 Geography teaching framework for Stages 4-5 can be found on the Stages 4-5 Geography programming page.

Small schools

Geography organisation ideas for small schools K-6 (DOCX 59.8KB) supports small schools in implementing the geography K-10 syllabus. Eight organisation ideas have been identified which align with much of the geography K-10 syllabus. They are:

  • Local places
  • Global connections
  • Important environments
  • Features/characteristics of places
  • Distribution of features/places
  • Environmental perspectives and significance
  • Environmental management
  • Life in different places.
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