Hyperglycaemia means high blood sugar level. This can develop over many hours or days.

It is possible for a student’s blood sugar level to be high without them realising.

Many people do not experience the symptoms of hyperglycaemia until their blood sugar levels are extremely high. Although their blood contains too much sugar, they cannot tell unless they do a finger prick test.


  • Feeling excessively thirsty
  • Frequently passing large volumes of urine
  • Feeling tired
  • Blurred vision
  • Infections
  • Weight loss

Common Causes

  • Sickness
  • Infection
  • Stress
  • Too much carbohydrate food at once
  • Not enough insulin or diabetes tablets
  • Other tablets or medicines.

Procedures for managing hyperglycaemia should be documented in the student's individual health care plan.

The student may be thirsty and may need to go to the toilet more often to pass urine. The student should be allowed to drink water and visit the toilet if necessary. They should still be able to participate in class activities.

If the student feels unwell and/or is vomiting, a parent or other person nominated in the student's individual health care plan should be contacted to collect the student. An ambulance should be called if a parent or nominated contact cannot be reached and/ or an emergency response is required.

If the student has an insulin pump and their blood glucose level is above 15mmol/L the pump needs to be checked. If the pump has become disconnected parents should be called immediately, or an ambulance if a parent can't be contacted.

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