The care continuum

Interventions for all, some and individual students

Students may require different types of intervention delivered in different ways along a continuum of care - from prevention to intensive individual support to best meet their needs.

The continuum of care includes interventions for:

  • all students - creating a safe and respectful learning environment
  • some students - providing early intervention and targeted support for students at risk of developing negative behaviours
  • a few students - supporting students with complex and challenging behaviour needs through intense, individual interventions.

Care continuum

Preventative interventions aim to establish and maintain safe, respectful learning and play environments for all students. They include:

  • sound classroom management strategies
  • social skill development
  • mindfulness-based interventions
  • physical activity such as ‘brain breaks’ during lessons
  • character education (values and ethics)
  • multi-component health-focused interventions
  • student and parent programs
  • multi-component anti-bullying interventions for all students, including ‘at risk’ groups.

Early intervention approaches address emerging, low level and potentially disruptive behaviours that may escalate if not addressed. Targeted interventions are designed for students, or groups of students identified as at risk of developing negative behaviours unless support is provided.

Effective approaches documented in research include:

  • sound classroom management strategies
  • programs focused on building teacher-student relationships
  • social-emotional skill development
  • mentoring programs
  • counselling, social work and therapeutic interventions.

Individual interventions address more challenging or complex student behaviours and involve individual assessment, implementation monitoring and review.

Interventions supported by research include:

  • sound classroom management strategies
  • programs to increase social competence and interpersonal skills
  • social-emotional skill development
  • cognitive behaviour therapy
  • meditation and mindfulness-based interventions.

More information

Fact sheet - Care continuum (PDF 274.49KB).

Fact sheet - Risk and resilience (PDF 198.28KB).

Effective behaviour programs.

STEPS decision making tool.

ACARA Personal and Social Capabilities.

Professional learning

Online Training Australia understanding personalised learning and support explores processes and strategies to support the additional learning and wellbeing needs of a wide range of students who require individual planning approaches.

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