Nouns are the names of people, places, things and feelings.

Common nouns

Common nouns are the names common to people and things .

For example:

  • woman
  • flower
  • dog.

Proper nouns

Proper nouns are the names of a particular place or person.

For example:

  • Australia
  • Professor Lee
  • Pitt Street
  • Broken Hill

or titles of films:

  • books
  • songs
  • magazines
  • plays.

These nouns need to start with a capital letter.

Collective nouns

Collective nouns are the names of a group of people and things.

For example:

  • a hive of bees
  • a class of pupils
  • a bunch of flowers.

Abstract nouns

Abstract nouns are something we can’t see or touch but are often feelings or emotions.

For example:

  • friendship
  • enthusiasm.

Compound nouns

Compound nouns are made of two nouns together that have a meaning different from the individual nouns.

For example:

  • lighthouse
  • cupboard
  • bookshelf
  • butterfly.

Noun groups

Noun groups are a group of words telling who or what is involved. It may include adjectives and nouns linked together.

For example:

  • The little black and white spotted dog ran home.

A noun group can also include adjectival phrases and clauses.

For example:

  • The house with the broken windows is for sale.
  • The house that we saw yesterday is for sale.

More information

More about nouns and noun groups in our Teaching strategies section.


  • External engagement


  • Learning

Business Unit:

  • Communication and Engagement
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